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Postmortem distribution and redistribution of MDAI and 2-MAPB in blood and alternative matrices


Staeheli, Sandra N; Boxler, Martina I; Oestreich, Andrea; Marti, Michelle; Gascho, Dominic; Bolliger, Stephan A; Kraemer, Thomas; Steuer, Andrea E (2017). Postmortem distribution and redistribution of MDAI and 2-MAPB in blood and alternative matrices. Forensic Science International, 279:83-87.

Abstract

Intoxication cases involving new psychoactive substances (NPS) provide several challenges for forensic toxicologists as data on pharmacodynamic and pharmacokinetic properties are lacking, especially on potency and toxicity. Furthermore, reference values and information on postmortem redistribution (PMR) do not exist so far for most NPS. A fatal case involving the amphetamine-derivatives MDAI (5,6-methylenedioxy-2-aminoindane) and 2-MAPB (1-(benzofuran-2-yl)-N-methylpropan-2-amine) was investigated at the Zurich Institute of Forensic Medicine. At admission at the institute approx. 11 h after death (first time point, t1), femoral and heart blood (right ventricle) was collected using computed tomography (CT)-guided biopsy sampling. At autopsy (t2), samples from the same body regions as well as various tissue samples were collected manually. In addition, an antemortem blood sample collected 6 h before death was available. MDAI and 2-MAPB were quantified using a validated LC–MS/MS method. A significant concentration decrease between the antemortem and the first peripheral postmortem blood sample was observed, which most probably can be explained by remaining metabolism and excretion within the last 6 h prior to death. No significant concentration change was observed between the two postmortem heart blood and peripheral blood samples. Accordingly, MDAI and 2-MAPB did not seem to undergo relevant postmortem redistribution in peripheral and heart blood in the presented case. This is the first study on postmortem redistribution of the new psychoactive substances MDAI and 2-MAPB. However, more studies covering more cases are necessary to generate universal statements on the PMR with these two NPSs.

Abstract

Intoxication cases involving new psychoactive substances (NPS) provide several challenges for forensic toxicologists as data on pharmacodynamic and pharmacokinetic properties are lacking, especially on potency and toxicity. Furthermore, reference values and information on postmortem redistribution (PMR) do not exist so far for most NPS. A fatal case involving the amphetamine-derivatives MDAI (5,6-methylenedioxy-2-aminoindane) and 2-MAPB (1-(benzofuran-2-yl)-N-methylpropan-2-amine) was investigated at the Zurich Institute of Forensic Medicine. At admission at the institute approx. 11 h after death (first time point, t1), femoral and heart blood (right ventricle) was collected using computed tomography (CT)-guided biopsy sampling. At autopsy (t2), samples from the same body regions as well as various tissue samples were collected manually. In addition, an antemortem blood sample collected 6 h before death was available. MDAI and 2-MAPB were quantified using a validated LC–MS/MS method. A significant concentration decrease between the antemortem and the first peripheral postmortem blood sample was observed, which most probably can be explained by remaining metabolism and excretion within the last 6 h prior to death. No significant concentration change was observed between the two postmortem heart blood and peripheral blood samples. Accordingly, MDAI and 2-MAPB did not seem to undergo relevant postmortem redistribution in peripheral and heart blood in the presented case. This is the first study on postmortem redistribution of the new psychoactive substances MDAI and 2-MAPB. However, more studies covering more cases are necessary to generate universal statements on the PMR with these two NPSs.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Institute of Legal Medicine
Dewey Decimal Classification:340 Law
610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:2017
Deposited On:02 Nov 2017 13:45
Last Modified:19 Aug 2018 11:03
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:0379-0738
OA Status:Closed
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.forsciint.2017.08.007
Project Information:
  • : FunderSNSF
  • : Grant ID310030_165875
  • : Project TitleSystematic Studies on Postmortem Toxicology

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