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Goal Disengagement, Well-Being, and Goal Achievement in Romantic Couples Pursuing Health Behavior Change: Evidence from Two Daily Diary Studies


Lüscher, Janina; Berli, Corina; Scholz, Urte (2017). Goal Disengagement, Well-Being, and Goal Achievement in Romantic Couples Pursuing Health Behavior Change: Evidence from Two Daily Diary Studies. Applied Psychology: Health and Well-Being, 9(1):36-59.

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Withdrawing effort and commitment from important goals (i.e. goal disengagement) has been discussed as an effective aspect of goal adaption. However, studies have focused especially on between-person differences. The present studies aimed to investigate within-person differences in goal disengagement within a dyadic context of romantic couples. Across two different health behaviors, we specifically tested whether goal disengagement would be associated with better well-being, but lower goal achievement in everyday life.

METHODS: In two dyadic daily diary studies (Study 1: 61 overweight couples aiming to become physically active; Study 2: 83 dual-smoker couples aiming to quit smoking), both partners independently reported on goal disengagement, positive and negative affect. Behavioral goal achievement was measured via accelerometer (Study 1) and self-report (Study 2).

RESULTS: Analyses based on the Actor-Partner Interdependence Model revealed that across both studies, one's own goal disengagement was related to lower well-being and a lower likelihood for goal achievement on a daily level (actor effects). Only in Study 1 were partner effects on negative affect and goal achievement found.

CONCLUSIONS: In daily life, goal disengagement may not be as adaptive for well-being and goal achievement in health behavior change. Dyadic associations were not consistent, and might be more context-sensitive.

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Withdrawing effort and commitment from important goals (i.e. goal disengagement) has been discussed as an effective aspect of goal adaption. However, studies have focused especially on between-person differences. The present studies aimed to investigate within-person differences in goal disengagement within a dyadic context of romantic couples. Across two different health behaviors, we specifically tested whether goal disengagement would be associated with better well-being, but lower goal achievement in everyday life.

METHODS: In two dyadic daily diary studies (Study 1: 61 overweight couples aiming to become physically active; Study 2: 83 dual-smoker couples aiming to quit smoking), both partners independently reported on goal disengagement, positive and negative affect. Behavioral goal achievement was measured via accelerometer (Study 1) and self-report (Study 2).

RESULTS: Analyses based on the Actor-Partner Interdependence Model revealed that across both studies, one's own goal disengagement was related to lower well-being and a lower likelihood for goal achievement on a daily level (actor effects). Only in Study 1 were partner effects on negative affect and goal achievement found.

CONCLUSIONS: In daily life, goal disengagement may not be as adaptive for well-being and goal achievement in health behavior change. Dyadic associations were not consistent, and might be more context-sensitive.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:06 Faculty of Arts > Institute of Psychology
Dewey Decimal Classification:150 Psychology
Language:English
Date:March 2017
Deposited On:23 Nov 2017 13:06
Last Modified:19 Aug 2018 11:29
Publisher:Wiley-Blackwell Publishing, Inc.
ISSN:1758-0854
OA Status:Closed
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1111/aphw.12084
PubMed ID:28332338
Project Information:
  • : FunderSNSF
  • : Grant IDP2BEP1_158975
  • : Project TitleSelf-regulation interventions in health behavior change: Examining mediating mechanisms in everyday life

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