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Surgery for prosthetic valve endocarditis a retrospective study of a national registry


Abstract

OBJECTIVES: We described clinical-epidemiological features of prosthetic valve endocarditis (PVE) and assessed the determinants of early surgical outcomes in multicentre design.
METHODS: Data regarding 2823 patients undergoing surgery for endocarditis at 19 Italian Centers between 1979 and 2015 were collected in a database. Of them, 582 had PVE: in this group, the determinants of early mortality and complications were assessed, also taking into account the different chronological eras encompassed by the study.
RESULTS: Overall hospital (30-day) mortality was 19.2% (112 patients). Postoperative complications of any type occurred in 256 patients (44%). Across 3 eras (1980-2000, 2001-08 and 2009-14), early mortality did not significantly change (20.4%, 17.1%, 20.5%, respectively, P  = 0.60), whereas complication rate increased (18.5%, 38.2%, 52.8%, P  < 0.001), consistent with increasing mean patient age (56 ± 14, 64 ± 15, 65 ± 14 years, respectively, P  < 0.001) and median logistic EuroSCORE (14%, 21%, 23%, P  = 0.025). Older age, female sex, preoperative serum creatinine >-2 mg/dl, chronic pulmonary disease, low ejection fraction, non-streptococcal aetiology, active endocarditis, preoperative intubation, preoperative shock and triple valve surgery were significantly associated with mortality. In multivariable analysis, age (OR = 1.02; P  = 0.03), renal insufficiency (OR = 2.1; P  = 0.05), triple valve surgery (OR = 6.9; P  = 0.004) and shock (OR = 4.5; P  < 0.001) were independently associated with mortality, while streptococcal aetiology, healed endocarditis and ejection fraction with survival. Adjusting for study era, preoperative shock (OR = 3; P  < 0.001), Enterococcus (OR = 2.3; P  = 0.01) and female sex (OR = 1.5; P  = 0.03) independently predicted complications, whereas ejection fraction was protective.
CONCLUSIONS: PVE surgery remains a high-risk one. The strongest predictors of early outcome of PVE surgery are related to patient's haemodynamic status and microbiological factors.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES: We described clinical-epidemiological features of prosthetic valve endocarditis (PVE) and assessed the determinants of early surgical outcomes in multicentre design.
METHODS: Data regarding 2823 patients undergoing surgery for endocarditis at 19 Italian Centers between 1979 and 2015 were collected in a database. Of them, 582 had PVE: in this group, the determinants of early mortality and complications were assessed, also taking into account the different chronological eras encompassed by the study.
RESULTS: Overall hospital (30-day) mortality was 19.2% (112 patients). Postoperative complications of any type occurred in 256 patients (44%). Across 3 eras (1980-2000, 2001-08 and 2009-14), early mortality did not significantly change (20.4%, 17.1%, 20.5%, respectively, P  = 0.60), whereas complication rate increased (18.5%, 38.2%, 52.8%, P  < 0.001), consistent with increasing mean patient age (56 ± 14, 64 ± 15, 65 ± 14 years, respectively, P  < 0.001) and median logistic EuroSCORE (14%, 21%, 23%, P  = 0.025). Older age, female sex, preoperative serum creatinine >-2 mg/dl, chronic pulmonary disease, low ejection fraction, non-streptococcal aetiology, active endocarditis, preoperative intubation, preoperative shock and triple valve surgery were significantly associated with mortality. In multivariable analysis, age (OR = 1.02; P  = 0.03), renal insufficiency (OR = 2.1; P  = 0.05), triple valve surgery (OR = 6.9; P  = 0.004) and shock (OR = 4.5; P  < 0.001) were independently associated with mortality, while streptococcal aetiology, healed endocarditis and ejection fraction with survival. Adjusting for study era, preoperative shock (OR = 3; P  < 0.001), Enterococcus (OR = 2.3; P  = 0.01) and female sex (OR = 1.5; P  = 0.03) independently predicted complications, whereas ejection fraction was protective.
CONCLUSIONS: PVE surgery remains a high-risk one. The strongest predictors of early outcome of PVE surgery are related to patient's haemodynamic status and microbiological factors.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Cardiovascular Surgery
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Uncontrolled Keywords:Early outcomes, , Infective endocarditis, , Predictors, , Prosthetic valve endocarditis, , Surgery
Language:English
Date:1 July 2017
Deposited On:13 Dec 2017 14:53
Last Modified:19 Feb 2018 09:38
Publisher:Oxford University Press
ISSN:1010-7940
OA Status:Closed
Free access at:Publisher DOI. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1093/ejcts/ezx045
PubMed ID:28329161

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