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Neurodevelopmental Outcome and Health-related Quality of Life in Children With Single-ventricle Heart Disease Before Fontan Procedure


Reich, Bettina; Heye, Kristina; Tuura, Ruth O'Gorman; Beck, Ingrid; Wetterling, Kristina; Hahn, Andreas; Hofmann, Karoline; Schranz, Dietmar; Akintürk, Hakan; Latal, Beatrice; Knirsch, Walter (2017). Neurodevelopmental Outcome and Health-related Quality of Life in Children With Single-ventricle Heart Disease Before Fontan Procedure. Seminars in Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery, 29(4):504-513.

Abstract

Neurodevelopmental impairment and impaired quality of life constitute a major source of morbidity among children with complex congenital heart disease, in particular for single-ventricle (SV) morphologies. Risk factors and quality of life determining clinical and neurodevelopmental outcome at 2 years of age are examined. In a 2-center cohort study, 48 patients with SV morphology (26 hypoplastic left heart syndrome and 22 other types of univentricular heart defect) have been examined before Fontan procedure between 2010 and 2015. Patients were assessed with the Bayley Scales of Infant and Toddler Development, Third Version (Bayley-III), and the Preschool Children Quality of Life (TAPQOL) questionnaire. A total of 44 patients underwent hybrid procedure (n = 25), Norwood procedure (n = 7), or shunt or banding procedure (n = 12) as first surgery before subsequent bidirectional cavopulmonary anastomosis (n = 48). Median cognitive, language, and motor composite scores on the Bayley-III were 100 (range 65-120), 97 (68-124), and 97 (55-124), respectively. The language composite score was significantly below the norm (P = 0.025). Risk factors for poorer neurodevelopmental outcome were prolonged mechanical ventilation, longer days of hospital stay, and more reinterventions (all P < 0.05). Parents reported a good quality of life for their children. Children undergoing Fontan procedure show a favorable development and good quality of life. More complicated postoperative course and reinterventions constitute risk factors for impaired neurodevelopment. Improving postoperative management and implementing routine follow-up assessments aremeasures to further improve the neurodevelopmental outcome of this high-risk patient population.

Abstract

Neurodevelopmental impairment and impaired quality of life constitute a major source of morbidity among children with complex congenital heart disease, in particular for single-ventricle (SV) morphologies. Risk factors and quality of life determining clinical and neurodevelopmental outcome at 2 years of age are examined. In a 2-center cohort study, 48 patients with SV morphology (26 hypoplastic left heart syndrome and 22 other types of univentricular heart defect) have been examined before Fontan procedure between 2010 and 2015. Patients were assessed with the Bayley Scales of Infant and Toddler Development, Third Version (Bayley-III), and the Preschool Children Quality of Life (TAPQOL) questionnaire. A total of 44 patients underwent hybrid procedure (n = 25), Norwood procedure (n = 7), or shunt or banding procedure (n = 12) as first surgery before subsequent bidirectional cavopulmonary anastomosis (n = 48). Median cognitive, language, and motor composite scores on the Bayley-III were 100 (range 65-120), 97 (68-124), and 97 (55-124), respectively. The language composite score was significantly below the norm (P = 0.025). Risk factors for poorer neurodevelopmental outcome were prolonged mechanical ventilation, longer days of hospital stay, and more reinterventions (all P < 0.05). Parents reported a good quality of life for their children. Children undergoing Fontan procedure show a favorable development and good quality of life. More complicated postoperative course and reinterventions constitute risk factors for impaired neurodevelopment. Improving postoperative management and implementing routine follow-up assessments aremeasures to further improve the neurodevelopmental outcome of this high-risk patient population.

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Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Children's Hospital Zurich > Medical Clinic
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:December 2017
Deposited On:30 Jan 2018 07:42
Last Modified:19 Feb 2018 09:48
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:1043-0679
OA Status:Closed
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1053/j.semtcvs.2017.09.014
PubMed ID:29104017

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