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Ecto-ADP-ribosyltransferase ARTC2.1 functionally modulates FcγR1 and FcγR2B on murine microglia


Rissiek, Björn; Menzel, Stephan; Leutert, Mario; Cordes, Maike; Behr, Sarah; Jank, Larissa; Ludewig, Peter; Gelderblom, Mathias; Rissiek, Anne; Adriouch, Sahil; Haag, Friedrich; Hottiger, Michael O; Koch-Nolte, Friedrich; Magnus, Tim (2017). Ecto-ADP-ribosyltransferase ARTC2.1 functionally modulates FcγR1 and FcγR2B on murine microglia. Scientific Reports, 7(1):16477.

Abstract

Mammalian ecto-ADP-ribosyltransferases (ecto-ARTs or also ARTCs) catalyze the ADP-ribosylation of cell surface proteins using extracellular nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD+) as substrate. By this post-translational protein modification, ecto-ARTs modulate the function of various target proteins. A functional role of ARTC2 has been demonstrated for peripheral immune cells such as T cells and macrophages. Yet, little is known about the role of ecto-ARTs in the central nervous system and on microglia. Here, we identified ARTC2.1 as the major ecto-ART expressed on murine microglia. ARTC2.1 expression was strongly upregulated on microglia upon co-stimulation with LPS and an ERK1/2 inhibitor or upon IFNβ stimulation. We identified several target proteins modified by ARTC2.1 on microglia with a recently developed mass spectrometry approach, including two receptors for immunoglobulin G (IgG), FcγR1 and FcγR2B. Both proteins were verified as targets of ARTC2.1 in vitro using a radiolabeling assay with 32P-NAD+ as substrate. Moreover, ADP-ribosylation of both targets strongly inhibited their capacity to bind IgG. In concordance, ARTC2.1 induction in WT microglia and subsequent cell surface ADP-ribosylation significantly reduced the phagocytosis of IgG-coated latex beads, which was unimpaired in NAD+/DTT treated microglia from ARTC2.1-/- mice. Hence, induction of ARTC2.1 expression under inflammatory conditions, and subsequent ADP-ribosylation of cell surface target proteins could represent a hitherto unnoticed mechanism to regulate the immune response of murine microglia.

Abstract

Mammalian ecto-ADP-ribosyltransferases (ecto-ARTs or also ARTCs) catalyze the ADP-ribosylation of cell surface proteins using extracellular nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD+) as substrate. By this post-translational protein modification, ecto-ARTs modulate the function of various target proteins. A functional role of ARTC2 has been demonstrated for peripheral immune cells such as T cells and macrophages. Yet, little is known about the role of ecto-ARTs in the central nervous system and on microglia. Here, we identified ARTC2.1 as the major ecto-ART expressed on murine microglia. ARTC2.1 expression was strongly upregulated on microglia upon co-stimulation with LPS and an ERK1/2 inhibitor or upon IFNβ stimulation. We identified several target proteins modified by ARTC2.1 on microglia with a recently developed mass spectrometry approach, including two receptors for immunoglobulin G (IgG), FcγR1 and FcγR2B. Both proteins were verified as targets of ARTC2.1 in vitro using a radiolabeling assay with 32P-NAD+ as substrate. Moreover, ADP-ribosylation of both targets strongly inhibited their capacity to bind IgG. In concordance, ARTC2.1 induction in WT microglia and subsequent cell surface ADP-ribosylation significantly reduced the phagocytosis of IgG-coated latex beads, which was unimpaired in NAD+/DTT treated microglia from ARTC2.1-/- mice. Hence, induction of ARTC2.1 expression under inflammatory conditions, and subsequent ADP-ribosylation of cell surface target proteins could represent a hitherto unnoticed mechanism to regulate the immune response of murine microglia.

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Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:05 Vetsuisse Faculty > Department of Molecular Mechanisms of Disease
07 Faculty of Science > Department of Molecular Mechanisms of Disease
Dewey Decimal Classification:570 Life sciences; biology
Language:English
Date:2017
Deposited On:15 Jan 2018 18:42
Last Modified:19 Feb 2018 09:51
Publisher:Nature Publishing Group
ISSN:2045-2322
OA Status:Gold
Free access at:PubMed ID. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-017-16613-w
PubMed ID:29184112

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