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Measuring populist attitudes on three dimensions


Schulz, Anne; Müller, Philipp; Schemer, Christian; Wirz, Dominique S; Wettstein, Martin; Wirth, Werner (2018). Measuring populist attitudes on three dimensions. International Journal of Public Opinion Research, 30(2):316-326.

Abstract

Theoretically, populism has been conceptualized as a political ideology with three sub-dimensions: anti-elitism attitudes, a preference for popular sovereignty, and a belief in the homogeneity and virtuousness of the people. However, empirical research to date has treated populist attitudes as a unidimensional construct. To address this issue, we propose to conceptualize populist attitudes as a latent higher-order construct with three distinct first-order dimensions. A 12-item inventory was developed using two survey studies conducted in Switzerland in 2014 and 2015. Exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses were used to test the construct validity of this measure of populist attitudes. The measurement that is proposed allows for a fine-grained study of populist attitudes in the general public.

Abstract

Theoretically, populism has been conceptualized as a political ideology with three sub-dimensions: anti-elitism attitudes, a preference for popular sovereignty, and a belief in the homogeneity and virtuousness of the people. However, empirical research to date has treated populist attitudes as a unidimensional construct. To address this issue, we propose to conceptualize populist attitudes as a latent higher-order construct with three distinct first-order dimensions. A 12-item inventory was developed using two survey studies conducted in Switzerland in 2014 and 2015. Exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses were used to test the construct validity of this measure of populist attitudes. The measurement that is proposed allows for a fine-grained study of populist attitudes in the general public.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:06 Faculty of Arts > Department of Communication and Media Research
Dewey Decimal Classification:070 News media, journalism & publishing
Scopus Subject Areas:Social Sciences & Humanities > Sociology and Political Science
Language:English
Date:2018
Deposited On:15 Jan 2018 12:09
Last Modified:17 Apr 2024 01:52
Publisher:Oxford University Press
ISSN:0954-2892
Funders:SNF
OA Status:Green
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1093/ijpor/edw037
Project Information:
  • : FunderSNF
  • : Grant ID
  • : Project Title
  • Content: Published Version
  • Language: English
  • Description: Nationallizenz 142-005