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The intestinal phosphate transporter NaPi-IIb (Slc34a2) is required to protect bone during dietary phosphate restriction


Knöpfel, Thomas; Pastor-Arroyo, Eva M; Schnitzbauer, Udo; Kratschmar, Denise V; Odermatt, Alex; Pellegrini, Giovanni; Hernando, Nati; Wagner, Carsten A (2017). The intestinal phosphate transporter NaPi-IIb (Slc34a2) is required to protect bone during dietary phosphate restriction. Scientific Reports, 7(1):11018.

Abstract

NaPi-IIb/Slc34a2 is a Na+-dependent phosphate transporter that accounts for the majority of active phosphate transport into intestinal epithelial cells. Its abundance is regulated by dietary phosphate, being high during dietary phosphate restriction. Intestinal ablation of NaPi-IIb in mice leads to increased fecal excretion of phosphate, which is compensated by enhanced renal reabsorption. Here we compared the adaptation to dietary phosphate of wild type (WT) and NaPi-IIb−/− mice. High phosphate diet (HPD) increased fecal and urinary excretion of phosphate in both groups, though NaPi-IIb−/− mice still showed lower urinary excretion than WT. In both genotypes low dietary phosphate (LDP) resulted in reduced fecal excretion and almost undetectable urinary excretion of phosphate. Consistently, the expression of renal cotransporters after prolonged LDP was similar in both groups. Plasma phosphate declined more rapidly in NaPi-IIb−/− mice upon LDP, though both genotypes had comparable levels of 1,25(OH)2vitamin D3, parathyroid hormone and fibroblast growth factor 23. Instead, NaPi-IIb−/− mice fed LDP had exacerbated hypercalciuria, higher urinary excretion of corticosterone and deoxypyridinoline, lower bone mineral density and higher number of osteoclasts. These data suggest that during dietary phosphate restriction NaPi-IIb-mediated intestinal absorption prevents excessive demineralization of bone as an alternative source of phosphate.

Abstract

NaPi-IIb/Slc34a2 is a Na+-dependent phosphate transporter that accounts for the majority of active phosphate transport into intestinal epithelial cells. Its abundance is regulated by dietary phosphate, being high during dietary phosphate restriction. Intestinal ablation of NaPi-IIb in mice leads to increased fecal excretion of phosphate, which is compensated by enhanced renal reabsorption. Here we compared the adaptation to dietary phosphate of wild type (WT) and NaPi-IIb−/− mice. High phosphate diet (HPD) increased fecal and urinary excretion of phosphate in both groups, though NaPi-IIb−/− mice still showed lower urinary excretion than WT. In both genotypes low dietary phosphate (LDP) resulted in reduced fecal excretion and almost undetectable urinary excretion of phosphate. Consistently, the expression of renal cotransporters after prolonged LDP was similar in both groups. Plasma phosphate declined more rapidly in NaPi-IIb−/− mice upon LDP, though both genotypes had comparable levels of 1,25(OH)2vitamin D3, parathyroid hormone and fibroblast growth factor 23. Instead, NaPi-IIb−/− mice fed LDP had exacerbated hypercalciuria, higher urinary excretion of corticosterone and deoxypyridinoline, lower bone mineral density and higher number of osteoclasts. These data suggest that during dietary phosphate restriction NaPi-IIb-mediated intestinal absorption prevents excessive demineralization of bone as an alternative source of phosphate.

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Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Institute of Physiology
07 Faculty of Science > Institute of Physiology

05 Vetsuisse Faculty > Institute of Veterinary Pathology
Dewey Decimal Classification:570 Life sciences; biology
Language:German
Date:8 September 2017
Deposited On:18 Jan 2018 13:41
Last Modified:19 Feb 2018 10:19
Publisher:Nature Publishing Group
ISSN:2045-2322
OA Status:Gold
Free access at:PubMed ID. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-017-10390-2
PubMed ID:28887454

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