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Climate change and permafrost


Salzmann, Nadine; Gärtner-Roer, Isabelle (2017). Climate change and permafrost. In: Richardson, Douglas; Castree, Noel; Goodchild, Michael F; Kobayashi, Audrey; Liu, Weidong; Marston, Richard A. International Encyclopedia of Geography: People, the Earth, Environment and Technology. Hoboken: Wiley, 1-13.

Abstract

Permafrost is a thermal phenomenon of the lithosphere and applies to ground that remains at or below 0°C for at least two consecutive years. Permafrost is coupled to atmospheric conditions and as such is sensitive to climatic changes. Thawing of permafrost can lead to destabilization of steep slopes or infrastructure, and a major concern is the release of radiative active forcing gases such as methane stored in permafrost ground. Projections of permafrost changes suggest further degradation in both high altitudes and high latitudes.

Abstract

Permafrost is a thermal phenomenon of the lithosphere and applies to ground that remains at or below 0°C for at least two consecutive years. Permafrost is coupled to atmospheric conditions and as such is sensitive to climatic changes. Thawing of permafrost can lead to destabilization of steep slopes or infrastructure, and a major concern is the release of radiative active forcing gases such as methane stored in permafrost ground. Projections of permafrost changes suggest further degradation in both high altitudes and high latitudes.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Book Section, not_refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:07 Faculty of Science > Institute of Geography
Dewey Decimal Classification:910 Geography & travel
Language:English
Date:2017
Deposited On:17 Jan 2018 20:16
Last Modified:19 Feb 2018 10:23
Publisher:Wiley
Number:15
ISBN:978-0-470-65963-2
OA Status:Closed
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1002/9781118786352.wbieg1124

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