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Single freeze strategy with the second-generation cryballoon for atrial fibrillation: a multicenter international retrospective analysis in a large cohort of patients


De Regibus, Valentina; Iacopino, Saverio; Abugattas, Juan Pablo; Coutiño, Hugo Enrique; Mugnai, Giacomo; Storti, Cesare; Conte, Giulio; Auricchio, Angelo; Moran, Darragh; Ströker, Erwin; Marroquin, Luis; Takarada, Ken; Choudhury, Rajin; de Asmundis, Carlo; Brugada, Pedro; Chierchia, Gian-Battista (2017). Single freeze strategy with the second-generation cryballoon for atrial fibrillation: a multicenter international retrospective analysis in a large cohort of patients. Journal of Interventional Cardiac Electrophysiology, 49(2):173-180.

Abstract

PURPOSE: The second-generation cryoballoon (CB-A, Arctic Front Advance, Medtronic, Minneapolis, MN, USA) has proven to be highly effective in achieving freedom from atrial fibrillation; nonetheless, the ideal number and duration of freezing cycles is still a matter of debate. We investigated the acute success, procedural complications, and clinical outcome of a single freeze strategy using the CB-A in a large, retrospective, international multicenter study.
METHODS: Between January 2013 and September 2015, 818 consecutive patients (58 ± 12 years, 68% males) with drug-resistant atrial fibrillation (AF) who underwent a CB-A using a single freeze strategy were taken into consideration for our analysis.
RESULTS: Paroxysmal AF was documented in 74.1% of the patients, while 25.9% presented with persistent AF. Additional freezes were needed in a mean 1.4 veins per patient. 0.2% of the patients experienced persistent PNP that was still documented at the last follow-up. After a median follow-up of 14 ± 8 months, taking into consideration a blanking period (BP) of 3 months, 692 patients (84.6%) were free from arrhythmia recurrence. After a single procedure, AF recurrence during BP and persistent AF were identified as predictors of clinical recurrence after BP.
CONCLUSIONS: Single freeze CB-A ablation is effective in treating drug-resistant AF and affords freedom from arrhythmia recurrences in 84.6% of patients during a 14-month follow-up. Persistent AF and recurrence during BP are predictors of arrhythmia recurrences.

Abstract

PURPOSE: The second-generation cryoballoon (CB-A, Arctic Front Advance, Medtronic, Minneapolis, MN, USA) has proven to be highly effective in achieving freedom from atrial fibrillation; nonetheless, the ideal number and duration of freezing cycles is still a matter of debate. We investigated the acute success, procedural complications, and clinical outcome of a single freeze strategy using the CB-A in a large, retrospective, international multicenter study.
METHODS: Between January 2013 and September 2015, 818 consecutive patients (58 ± 12 years, 68% males) with drug-resistant atrial fibrillation (AF) who underwent a CB-A using a single freeze strategy were taken into consideration for our analysis.
RESULTS: Paroxysmal AF was documented in 74.1% of the patients, while 25.9% presented with persistent AF. Additional freezes were needed in a mean 1.4 veins per patient. 0.2% of the patients experienced persistent PNP that was still documented at the last follow-up. After a median follow-up of 14 ± 8 months, taking into consideration a blanking period (BP) of 3 months, 692 patients (84.6%) were free from arrhythmia recurrence. After a single procedure, AF recurrence during BP and persistent AF were identified as predictors of clinical recurrence after BP.
CONCLUSIONS: Single freeze CB-A ablation is effective in treating drug-resistant AF and affords freedom from arrhythmia recurrences in 84.6% of patients during a 14-month follow-up. Persistent AF and recurrence during BP are predictors of arrhythmia recurrences.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Cardiocentro Ticino
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:August 2017
Deposited On:06 Feb 2018 18:39
Last Modified:19 Feb 2018 10:27
Publisher:Springer
ISSN:1383-875X
OA Status:Closed
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1007/s10840-017-0254-6
PubMed ID:28573498

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