miR-146a inhibits inflammatory responses in human keratinocytes and in different mouse models of skin inflammation. Little is known about the role of miR-146b in the skin. In this study, we confirmed the increased expression of miR-146a and miR-146b (miR-146a/b) in the lesional skin of patients with psoriasis. The expression of miR-146a was approximately twofold higher than that of miR-146b in healthy human skin, and it was more strongly induced by stimulation of proinflammatory cytokines in keratinocytes and fibroblasts. miR-146a/b target genes regulating inflammatory responses or proliferation were altered in the skin of patients with psoriasis, among which FERMT1 was verified as a direct target of miR-146a. In silico analysis of genome-wide data from >4,000 psoriasis cases and >8,000 controls confirmed a moderate association between psoriasis and genetic variants in the miR-146a encoding gene. Transfection of miR-146a/b suppressed and inhibition enhanced keratinocyte proliferation and the expression of psoriasis-related target genes. Enhanced expression of miR-146a/b-influenced genes was detected in cultured keratinocytes from miR-146a−/− and skin fibroblasts from miR-146a−/− and miR-146b−/− mice stimulated with psoriasis-associated cytokines as compared with wild-type mice. Our results indicate that besides miR-146a, miR-146b is expressed and might be capable of modulation of inflammatory responses and keratinocyte proliferation in psoriatic skin.