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Analysis of substrate specificity of Trypanosoma brucei oligosaccharyltransferases (OSTs) by functional expression of domain-swapped chimeras in yeast


Poljak, Kristina; Breitling, Jörg; Gauss, Robert; Rugarabamu, George; Pellanda, Mauro; Aebi, Markus (2017). Analysis of substrate specificity of Trypanosoma brucei oligosaccharyltransferases (OSTs) by functional expression of domain-swapped chimeras in yeast. Journal of Biological Chemistry, 292(49):20342-20352.

Abstract

N-Linked protein glycosylation is an essential and highly conserved post-translational modification in eukaryotes. The transfer of a glycan from a lipid-linked oligosaccharide (LLO) donor to the asparagine residue of a nascent polypeptide chain is catalyzed by an oligosaccharyltransferase (OST) in the lumen of the endoplasmic reticulum (ER). Trypanosoma brucei encodes three paralogue single-protein OSTs called TbSTT3A, TbSTT3B, and TbSTT3C that can functionally complement the Saccharomyces cerevisiae OST, making it an ideal experimental system to study the fundamental properties of OST activity. We characterized the LLO and polypeptide specificity of all three TbOST isoforms and their chimeric forms in the heterologous expression host S. cerevisiae where we were able to apply yeast genetic tools and newly developed glycoproteomics methods. We demonstrated that TbSTT3A accepted LLO substrates ranging from Man5GlcNAc2 to Man7GlcNAc2 In contrast, TbSTT3B required more complex precursors ranging from Man6GlcNAc2 to Glc3Man9GlcNAc2 structures, and TbSTT3C did not display any LLO preference. Sequence differences between the isoforms cluster in three distinct regions. We have swapped the individual regions between different OST proteins and identified region 2 to influence the specificity toward the LLO and region 1 to influence polypeptide substrate specificity. These results provide a basis to further investigate the molecular mechanisms and contribution of single amino acids in OST interaction with its substrates.

Abstract

N-Linked protein glycosylation is an essential and highly conserved post-translational modification in eukaryotes. The transfer of a glycan from a lipid-linked oligosaccharide (LLO) donor to the asparagine residue of a nascent polypeptide chain is catalyzed by an oligosaccharyltransferase (OST) in the lumen of the endoplasmic reticulum (ER). Trypanosoma brucei encodes three paralogue single-protein OSTs called TbSTT3A, TbSTT3B, and TbSTT3C that can functionally complement the Saccharomyces cerevisiae OST, making it an ideal experimental system to study the fundamental properties of OST activity. We characterized the LLO and polypeptide specificity of all three TbOST isoforms and their chimeric forms in the heterologous expression host S. cerevisiae where we were able to apply yeast genetic tools and newly developed glycoproteomics methods. We demonstrated that TbSTT3A accepted LLO substrates ranging from Man5GlcNAc2 to Man7GlcNAc2 In contrast, TbSTT3B required more complex precursors ranging from Man6GlcNAc2 to Glc3Man9GlcNAc2 structures, and TbSTT3C did not display any LLO preference. Sequence differences between the isoforms cluster in three distinct regions. We have swapped the individual regions between different OST proteins and identified region 2 to influence the specificity toward the LLO and region 1 to influence polypeptide substrate specificity. These results provide a basis to further investigate the molecular mechanisms and contribution of single amino acids in OST interaction with its substrates.

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Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Functional Genomics Center Zurich
Dewey Decimal Classification:570 Life sciences; biology
610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:8 December 2017
Deposited On:26 Jan 2018 11:50
Last Modified:19 Aug 2018 13:16
Publisher:American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
ISSN:0021-9258
OA Status:Closed
Free access at:Publisher DOI. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1074/jbc.M117.811133
PubMed ID:29042445
Project Information:
  • : FunderSNSF
  • : Grant ID310030B_144083
  • : Project TitleN-linked protein glycosylation: the eukaryotic oligosaccharyltransferase
  • : FunderSNSF
  • : Grant ID310030_162636
  • : Project TitleN-linked protein glycosylation: generating diversity

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