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First identification of Krüppel-like factor 2 mutation in heritable pulmonary arterial hypertension


Eichstaedt, Christina A; Song, Jie; Viales, Rebecca Rodríguez; Pan, Zixuan; Benjamin, Nicola; Fischer, Christine; Hoeper, Marius M; Ulrich, Silvia; Hinderhofer, Katrin; Grünig, Ekkehard (2017). First identification of Krüppel-like factor 2 mutation in heritable pulmonary arterial hypertension. Clinical Science, 131(8):689-698.

Abstract

Heritable pulmonary arterial hypertension (HPAH) is an autosomal dominantly inherited disease caused by mutations in the bone morphogenic protein receptor 2 (BMPR2) gene and/or genes of its signalling pathway in approximately 85% of patients. We clinically and genetically analysed an HPAH family without mutations in previously described pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) genes. Clinical assessment included electrocardiogram, lung function, blood gas analysis, chest X-ray, laboratory testing, echocardiography and right heart catheterization in case of suspected disease. Genetic diagnostics were performed using a PAH-specific gene panel including all known 12 PAH genes and 20 further candidate genes by next-generation sequencing (NGS). HPAH was invasively confirmed in two sisters and their father who died aged 32 years. No signs of HPAH were detected in five first-degree family members. Both sisters were lung transplanted and remained stable during a follow-up of >20 years. We detected a novel missense mutation in the Krüppel-like factor 2 (KLF2) likely leading to a disruption of gene function. The same KLF2 mutation has been described as a recurrent somatic mutation in B-cell lymphoma. Neither the healthy family members carried the mutation nor >120000 controls. These findings point to KLF2 as a new PAH gene. Further studies are needed to assess frequency and implication of KLF2 mutations in PAH patients.

Abstract

Heritable pulmonary arterial hypertension (HPAH) is an autosomal dominantly inherited disease caused by mutations in the bone morphogenic protein receptor 2 (BMPR2) gene and/or genes of its signalling pathway in approximately 85% of patients. We clinically and genetically analysed an HPAH family without mutations in previously described pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) genes. Clinical assessment included electrocardiogram, lung function, blood gas analysis, chest X-ray, laboratory testing, echocardiography and right heart catheterization in case of suspected disease. Genetic diagnostics were performed using a PAH-specific gene panel including all known 12 PAH genes and 20 further candidate genes by next-generation sequencing (NGS). HPAH was invasively confirmed in two sisters and their father who died aged 32 years. No signs of HPAH were detected in five first-degree family members. Both sisters were lung transplanted and remained stable during a follow-up of >20 years. We detected a novel missense mutation in the Krüppel-like factor 2 (KLF2) likely leading to a disruption of gene function. The same KLF2 mutation has been described as a recurrent somatic mutation in B-cell lymphoma. Neither the healthy family members carried the mutation nor >120000 controls. These findings point to KLF2 as a new PAH gene. Further studies are needed to assess frequency and implication of KLF2 mutations in PAH patients.

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Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Pneumology
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:25 April 2017
Deposited On:23 Jan 2018 15:50
Last Modified:19 Feb 2018 10:36
Publisher:Portland Press
ISSN:0143-5221
OA Status:Closed
Free access at:Publisher DOI. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1042/CS20160930
PubMed ID:28188237

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