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Stabilizing g-States in Centrosymmetric Tetrapyrroles: Two-Photon-Absorbing Porphyrins with Bright Phosphorescence


Esipova, Tatiana V; Rivera-Jacquez, Héctor J; Weber, Bruno; Masunov, Artëm E; Vinogradov, Sergei A (2017). Stabilizing g-States in Centrosymmetric Tetrapyrroles: Two-Photon-Absorbing Porphyrins with Bright Phosphorescence. Journal of Physical Chemistry. A, 121(33):6243-6255.

Abstract

Using time-dependent density functional theory (TDDFT) and sum-overstates (SOS) formalism, we predicted significant stabilization of 2P-active g-states in a compact fully symmetric porphyrin, in which all four pyrrolic fragments are fused with phathalimide residues via the β-carbon positions. The synthesis of a soluble, nonaggregating meso-unsubstituted tetraarylphthalimidoporphyrin (TAPIP) was then developed, and the spectroscopic measurements confirmed that a strongly 2P-active state in this porphyrin is stabilized below the B (Soret) state level. Single-crystal X-ray analysis revealed near-ideally planar geometry of the TAPIP macrocycle, while its tetra-meso-arylated analogue (meso-Ar4TAPIP) was found to be highly saddled. Consistent with these structural features, Pt meso-Ar4TAPIP phosphoresces rather weakly (ϕphos = 0.05 in DMF at 22 °C), while both Pt and Pd complexes of TAPIP are highly phosphorescent (ϕphos = 0.45 and 0.23, respectively). In addition PdTAPIP exhibits non-negligible thermally activated (E-type) delayed fluorescence (ϕfl(d) ∼ 0.012). Taken together, these photophysical properties make metal complexes of meso-unsubstituted tetaarylphthalimidoporphyrins the brightest 2P-absorbing phosphorescent chromophores known to date.

Abstract

Using time-dependent density functional theory (TDDFT) and sum-overstates (SOS) formalism, we predicted significant stabilization of 2P-active g-states in a compact fully symmetric porphyrin, in which all four pyrrolic fragments are fused with phathalimide residues via the β-carbon positions. The synthesis of a soluble, nonaggregating meso-unsubstituted tetraarylphthalimidoporphyrin (TAPIP) was then developed, and the spectroscopic measurements confirmed that a strongly 2P-active state in this porphyrin is stabilized below the B (Soret) state level. Single-crystal X-ray analysis revealed near-ideally planar geometry of the TAPIP macrocycle, while its tetra-meso-arylated analogue (meso-Ar4TAPIP) was found to be highly saddled. Consistent with these structural features, Pt meso-Ar4TAPIP phosphoresces rather weakly (ϕphos = 0.05 in DMF at 22 °C), while both Pt and Pd complexes of TAPIP are highly phosphorescent (ϕphos = 0.45 and 0.23, respectively). In addition PdTAPIP exhibits non-negligible thermally activated (E-type) delayed fluorescence (ϕfl(d) ∼ 0.012). Taken together, these photophysical properties make metal complexes of meso-unsubstituted tetaarylphthalimidoporphyrins the brightest 2P-absorbing phosphorescent chromophores known to date.

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Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Institute of Pharmacology and Toxicology
07 Faculty of Science > Institute of Pharmacology and Toxicology
Dewey Decimal Classification:570 Life sciences; biology
610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:2017
Deposited On:01 Feb 2018 13:14
Last Modified:23 Sep 2018 06:12
Publisher:American Chemical Society (ACS)
ISSN:1089-5639
OA Status:Closed
Free access at:Publisher DOI. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.jpca.7b04333
PubMed ID:28766943

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