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Fibrinogen in relation to degree and composition of coronary plaque on intravascular ultrasound in patients undergoing coronary angiography


Buljubasic, Nermina; Akkerhuis, K Martijn; Cheng, Jin M; Oemrawsingh, Rohit M; Garcia-Garcia, Hector M; de Boer, Sanneke P M; Regar, Evelyn; van Geuns, Robert-Jan M; Serruys, Patrick W J C; Boersma, Eric; Kardys, Isabella (2017). Fibrinogen in relation to degree and composition of coronary plaque on intravascular ultrasound in patients undergoing coronary angiography. Coronary artery disease, 28(1):23-32.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to provide additional insight into the role of fibrinogen in coronary artery disease by investigating the associations between plasma fibrinogen with both degree and composition of coronary atherosclerosis as determined by virtual histology-intravascular ultrasound.
PATIENTS AND METHODS: In 581 patients undergoing coronary angiography for acute coronary syndrome (ACS) or stable angina pectoris, preprocedural blood samples were drawn for fibrinogen, C-reactive protein (CRP), interleukin-6, and plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 measurements, and virtual histology-intravascular ultrasound of a nonculprit coronary artery was performed. The degree [plaque volume, plaque burden (PB), and lesions with PB≥70%] and the composition of coronary atherosclerotic plaque (fibrous, fibrofatty, dense calcium, necrotic core tissue, and thin-cap fibroatheroma lesions) were assessed.
RESULTS: Fibrinogen showed a tendency toward a positive association with PB [β (95% CI): 2.55 (-0.52-5.61) increase in PB per ln(g/l) fibrinogen, P=0.09], which was driven significantly by an association in the ACS subgroup [β (95% CI): 4.11 (0.01-8.21) increase in PB per ln(g/l) fibrinogen, P=0.049]. Fibrinogen was also related to the presence of lesions with PB 70% or more in both the full cohort [OR (95% CI): 2.27 (1.17-4.43), P=0.016] and ACS patients [OR (95% CI): 2.92 (1.17-7.29), P=0.022]. All associations were independent of established cardiovascular risk factors, but not CRP. Interleukin-6 and plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 did not provide incremental value to fibrinogen when examining the associations with degree of atherosclerosis. Substantial associations with plaque composition were absent.
CONCLUSION: Fibrinogen is associated with degree of coronary atherosclerosis, especially in ACS patients. However, whether this association is independent of CRP might be questioned and needs further investigation.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to provide additional insight into the role of fibrinogen in coronary artery disease by investigating the associations between plasma fibrinogen with both degree and composition of coronary atherosclerosis as determined by virtual histology-intravascular ultrasound.
PATIENTS AND METHODS: In 581 patients undergoing coronary angiography for acute coronary syndrome (ACS) or stable angina pectoris, preprocedural blood samples were drawn for fibrinogen, C-reactive protein (CRP), interleukin-6, and plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 measurements, and virtual histology-intravascular ultrasound of a nonculprit coronary artery was performed. The degree [plaque volume, plaque burden (PB), and lesions with PB≥70%] and the composition of coronary atherosclerotic plaque (fibrous, fibrofatty, dense calcium, necrotic core tissue, and thin-cap fibroatheroma lesions) were assessed.
RESULTS: Fibrinogen showed a tendency toward a positive association with PB [β (95% CI): 2.55 (-0.52-5.61) increase in PB per ln(g/l) fibrinogen, P=0.09], which was driven significantly by an association in the ACS subgroup [β (95% CI): 4.11 (0.01-8.21) increase in PB per ln(g/l) fibrinogen, P=0.049]. Fibrinogen was also related to the presence of lesions with PB 70% or more in both the full cohort [OR (95% CI): 2.27 (1.17-4.43), P=0.016] and ACS patients [OR (95% CI): 2.92 (1.17-7.29), P=0.022]. All associations were independent of established cardiovascular risk factors, but not CRP. Interleukin-6 and plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 did not provide incremental value to fibrinogen when examining the associations with degree of atherosclerosis. Substantial associations with plaque composition were absent.
CONCLUSION: Fibrinogen is associated with degree of coronary atherosclerosis, especially in ACS patients. However, whether this association is independent of CRP might be questioned and needs further investigation.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Cardiovascular Surgery
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:January 2017
Deposited On:01 Feb 2018 17:13
Last Modified:19 Feb 2018 10:42
Publisher:Lippincott Williams & Wilkins
ISSN:0954-6928
OA Status:Green
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1097/MCA.0000000000000442
PubMed ID:27755007

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