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Idiopathic non-histaminergic acquired angioedema: a case series and discussion of published clinical trials


Bucher, Martin Christian; Petkovic, Tatjana; Helbling, Arthur; Steiner, Urs Christian (2017). Idiopathic non-histaminergic acquired angioedema: a case series and discussion of published clinical trials. Clinical and Translational Allergy:7:27.

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Idiopathic non-histaminergic acquired angioedema (InH-AAE) is a rare disease for which there are no available laboratory parameters to clearly define the disorder. Therapy is often difficult and various treatment options have been proposed. In this paper, we have evaluated the most effective therapies for InH-AAE on the basis of current literature and report the therapeutic effect of omalizumab in three patients with InH-AAE. METHODS: Literature was searched with a combination of MeSH/EMTREE terms and freetext search for angioedema and therapy/omalizumab in the databases Medline (Ovid), PubMed/Premedline, Embase, Cochrane library and Scopus with no time or language restrictions. In three patients affected by InH-AAE the therapeutic effect of omalizumab was demonstrated by clinical outcome. In one patient the FcεRI receptor density on basophils was monitored under therapy with omalizumab. RESULTS: From the review of the current literature, 25 out of 286 publications dealing with relevant therapeutic recommendations for InH-AAE were analyzed. Six publications with 98 patients referred to tranexamic acid, of which 27 had a complete, 70 a partial and 1 no response. In three case reports ecallantide showed 2 patients with a complete and 1 a partial response. In four case reports for Icatibant 2 had a complete and 3 a partial response. When evaluated in three reports, C1-INH found complete and partial responses in 2 patients each. One patient had a complete response to progestin. Omalizumab was described in 6 reports with 20 patients, all of whom showed a complete response. All three patients described in our study responded to omalizumab with a complete remission. Density of FcεRI receptors on basophils, monitored in patient 1 on a long-term course of 31 months, decreased from 74,051.61 to a minimal level of 1907 receptors per cell. CONCLUSIONS: Omalizumab seems to be the most effective therapy in InH-AAE. The continuous decrease of FcεRI-receptor density on basophils under therapy with omalizumab along with clinical improvement observed in one patient, could serve as a new approach for further studies to evaluate FcεRI-receptor density as a surrogate marker for therapeutic efficacy and for dosing and determining injection intervals of omalizumab. Trial registration BASEC-Nr. Req-2016-00692. Retrospectively registered 24.11.2016.

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Idiopathic non-histaminergic acquired angioedema (InH-AAE) is a rare disease for which there are no available laboratory parameters to clearly define the disorder. Therapy is often difficult and various treatment options have been proposed. In this paper, we have evaluated the most effective therapies for InH-AAE on the basis of current literature and report the therapeutic effect of omalizumab in three patients with InH-AAE. METHODS: Literature was searched with a combination of MeSH/EMTREE terms and freetext search for angioedema and therapy/omalizumab in the databases Medline (Ovid), PubMed/Premedline, Embase, Cochrane library and Scopus with no time or language restrictions. In three patients affected by InH-AAE the therapeutic effect of omalizumab was demonstrated by clinical outcome. In one patient the FcεRI receptor density on basophils was monitored under therapy with omalizumab. RESULTS: From the review of the current literature, 25 out of 286 publications dealing with relevant therapeutic recommendations for InH-AAE were analyzed. Six publications with 98 patients referred to tranexamic acid, of which 27 had a complete, 70 a partial and 1 no response. In three case reports ecallantide showed 2 patients with a complete and 1 a partial response. In four case reports for Icatibant 2 had a complete and 3 a partial response. When evaluated in three reports, C1-INH found complete and partial responses in 2 patients each. One patient had a complete response to progestin. Omalizumab was described in 6 reports with 20 patients, all of whom showed a complete response. All three patients described in our study responded to omalizumab with a complete remission. Density of FcεRI receptors on basophils, monitored in patient 1 on a long-term course of 31 months, decreased from 74,051.61 to a minimal level of 1907 receptors per cell. CONCLUSIONS: Omalizumab seems to be the most effective therapy in InH-AAE. The continuous decrease of FcεRI-receptor density on basophils under therapy with omalizumab along with clinical improvement observed in one patient, could serve as a new approach for further studies to evaluate FcεRI-receptor density as a surrogate marker for therapeutic efficacy and for dosing and determining injection intervals of omalizumab. Trial registration BASEC-Nr. Req-2016-00692. Retrospectively registered 24.11.2016.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, further contribution
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Immunology
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:August 2017
Deposited On:02 Feb 2018 09:11
Last Modified:01 Mar 2018 01:55
Publisher:BioMed Central
ISSN:2045-7022
OA Status:Gold
Free access at:PubMed ID. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1186/s13601-017-0164-9
PubMed ID:28861213

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