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First observation of the rare purely baryonic decay $B^0 \to p\overline{p}$


LHCb Collaboration; Bernet, R; Müller, K; Serra, N; Steinkamp, O; Straumann, U; Vollhardt, A; et al (2017). First observation of the rare purely baryonic decay $B^0 \to p\overline{p}$. Physical Review Letters, 119(23):232001.

Abstract

The first observation of the decay of a $B^0$ meson to a purely baryonic final state, $B^0 \to p\overline{p}$, is reported. The proton-proton collision data sample used was collected with the LHCb experiment at center-of-mass energies of 7 and 8 TeV and corresponds to an integrated luminosity of 3.0  fb$^{−1}$. The branching fraction is determined to be $\mathcal{B}(B^0 \to p\overline{p}) = (1.25 \pm 0.27 \pm 0.18) \times 10^{−8}$, where the first uncertainty is statistical and the second systematic. The decay mode $B^0 \to p\overline{p}$ is the rarest decay of the $B^0$ meson observed to date. The decay $B^0_s \to p\overline{p}$ is also investigated. No signal is seen and the upper limit $\mathcal{B}(B^0 \to p\overline{p}) < 1.5 \times 10^{−8}$ at 90% confidence level is set on the branching fraction.

Abstract

The first observation of the decay of a $B^0$ meson to a purely baryonic final state, $B^0 \to p\overline{p}$, is reported. The proton-proton collision data sample used was collected with the LHCb experiment at center-of-mass energies of 7 and 8 TeV and corresponds to an integrated luminosity of 3.0  fb$^{−1}$. The branching fraction is determined to be $\mathcal{B}(B^0 \to p\overline{p}) = (1.25 \pm 0.27 \pm 0.18) \times 10^{−8}$, where the first uncertainty is statistical and the second systematic. The decay mode $B^0 \to p\overline{p}$ is the rarest decay of the $B^0$ meson observed to date. The decay $B^0_s \to p\overline{p}$ is also investigated. No signal is seen and the upper limit $\mathcal{B}(B^0 \to p\overline{p}) < 1.5 \times 10^{−8}$ at 90% confidence level is set on the branching fraction.

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Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:07 Faculty of Science > Physics Institute
Dewey Decimal Classification:530 Physics
Language:English
Date:2017
Deposited On:29 Jan 2018 14:12
Last Modified:19 Feb 2018 10:43
Publisher:American Physical Society
ISSN:0031-9007
OA Status:Hybrid
Free access at:Publisher DOI. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevLett.119.232001

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