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Measurement of the $B^0_s \to \mu^+\mu^-$ branching fraction and effective lifetime and search for $B^0 \to \mu^+\mu^-$ decays


LHCb Collaboration; Bernet, R; Müller, K; Serra, N; Steinkamp, O; Straumann, U; Vollhardt, A; et al (2017). Measurement of the $B^0_s \to \mu^+\mu^-$ branching fraction and effective lifetime and search for $B^0 \to \mu^+\mu^-$ decays. Physical Review Letters, 118(19):191801.

Abstract

A search for the rare decays $B^0_s \to \mu^+\mu^-$ and $B^0 \to \mu^+\mu^-$ is performed at the LHCb experiment using data collected in pp collisions corresponding to a total integrated luminosity of 4.4  $fb^{−1}$. An excess of $B^0_s \to \mu^+\mu^-$ decays is observed with a significance of 7.8 standard deviations, representing the first observation of this decay in a single experiment. The branching fraction is measured to be $\mathcal{B}(B^0_s \to \mu^+\mu^-) = (3.0 \pm 0.6^{+0.3}_{−0.2}) \times 10^{−9}$, where the first uncertainty is statistical and the second systematic. The first measurement of the $B^0_s \to \mu^+\mu^-$ effective lifetime, $\tau(B^0_s \to \mu^+\mu^-) = 2.04 \pm 0.44 \pm 0.05$ ps, is reported. No significant excess of $B^0 \to \mu^+\mu^-$ decays is found, and a 95% confidence level upper limit, $\mathcal{B}(B^0 \to \mu^+\mu^-) < 3.4 \times 10^{−10}$, is determined. All results are in agreement with the standard model expectations.

Abstract

A search for the rare decays $B^0_s \to \mu^+\mu^-$ and $B^0 \to \mu^+\mu^-$ is performed at the LHCb experiment using data collected in pp collisions corresponding to a total integrated luminosity of 4.4  $fb^{−1}$. An excess of $B^0_s \to \mu^+\mu^-$ decays is observed with a significance of 7.8 standard deviations, representing the first observation of this decay in a single experiment. The branching fraction is measured to be $\mathcal{B}(B^0_s \to \mu^+\mu^-) = (3.0 \pm 0.6^{+0.3}_{−0.2}) \times 10^{−9}$, where the first uncertainty is statistical and the second systematic. The first measurement of the $B^0_s \to \mu^+\mu^-$ effective lifetime, $\tau(B^0_s \to \mu^+\mu^-) = 2.04 \pm 0.44 \pm 0.05$ ps, is reported. No significant excess of $B^0 \to \mu^+\mu^-$ decays is found, and a 95% confidence level upper limit, $\mathcal{B}(B^0 \to \mu^+\mu^-) < 3.4 \times 10^{−10}$, is determined. All results are in agreement with the standard model expectations.

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Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:07 Faculty of Science > Physics Institute
Dewey Decimal Classification:530 Physics
Language:English
Date:2017
Deposited On:02 Feb 2018 13:28
Last Modified:19 Feb 2018 10:45
Publisher:American Physical Society
ISSN:0031-9007
OA Status:Hybrid
Free access at:Publisher DOI. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevLett.118.191801

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