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Multigrading and child achievement


Barbetta, Gian Paolo; Sorrenti, Giuseppe; Turati, Gilberto (2018). Multigrading and child achievement. Working paper series / Department of Economics 275, University of Zurich.

Abstract

We exploit Italian law DPR 81/2009, which determines class composition, as an instrument to identify the causal effect of grouping students of different grades into a single class (multigrading) on children cognitive achievement. This article focuses on 7-year-old students—those at the beginning of their formal education. Results suggest that attendance in multigrade classes versus single-grade classes increases students’ performance on standardized tests by 15–20 percent of a standard deviation. The positive impact of multigrading only appears for children sharing their class with peers from higher grades and is relatively stronger for students from disadvantaged backgrounds.

Abstract

We exploit Italian law DPR 81/2009, which determines class composition, as an instrument to identify the causal effect of grouping students of different grades into a single class (multigrading) on children cognitive achievement. This article focuses on 7-year-old students—those at the beginning of their formal education. Results suggest that attendance in multigrade classes versus single-grade classes increases students’ performance on standardized tests by 15–20 percent of a standard deviation. The positive impact of multigrading only appears for children sharing their class with peers from higher grades and is relatively stronger for students from disadvantaged backgrounds.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Working Paper
Communities & Collections:03 Faculty of Economics > Department of Economics
Working Paper Series > Department of Economics
Dewey Decimal Classification:330 Economics
JEL Classification:I26, I28, R53
Uncontrolled Keywords:Multigrade classes, child development, peer effects, rural areas
Language:English
Date:January 2018
Deposited On:24 Jan 2018 14:16
Last Modified:30 Jul 2018 06:18
Series Name:Working paper series / Department of Economics
Number of Pages:54
ISSN:1664-7041
OA Status:Green
Official URL:http://www.econ.uzh.ch/static/wp/econwp275.pdf
Related URLs:http://www.econ.uzh.ch/static/workingpapers.php

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