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Evolution of posterior fossa and brain morphology after in utero repair of open neural tube defects assessed by MRI


Rethmann, Christin; Scheer, Ianina; Meuli, Martin; Mazzone, Luca; Moehrlen, Ueli; Kellenberger, Christian Johannes (2017). Evolution of posterior fossa and brain morphology after in utero repair of open neural tube defects assessed by MRI. European Radiology, 27(11):4571-4580.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES: To describe characteristics of foetuses undergoing in utero repair of open neural tube defects (ONTD) and assess postoperative evolution of posterior fossa and brain morphology.
METHODS: Analysis of pre- and postoperative foetal as well as neonatal MRI of 27 foetuses who underwent in utero repair of ONTD. Type and level of ONTD, hindbrain configuration, posterior fossa and liquor space dimensions, and detection of associated findings were compared between MRI studies and to age-matched controls.
RESULTS: Level of bony spinal defect was defined with exactness of ± one vertebral body. Of surgically confirmed 18 myelomeningoceles (MMC) and 9 myeloschisis (MS), 3 MMC were misdiagnosed as MS due to non-visualisation of a flat membrane on MRI. Hindbrain herniation was more severe in MS than MMC (p < 0.001). After repair, hindbrain herniation resolved in 25/27 cases at 4 weeks and liquor spaces increased. While posterior fossa remained small (p < 0.001), its configuration normalised. Lateral ventricle diameter indexed to cerebral width decreased in 48% and increased in 12% of cases, implying a low rate of progressive obstructive hydrocephalus. Neonatally evident subependymal heterotopias were detected in 33% at preoperative and 50% at postoperative foetal MRI.
CONCLUSION: MRI demonstrates change of Chiari malformation type II (CM-II) features.
KEY POINTS: Hindbrain herniation is significantly more pronounced in myeloschisis than in myelomeningocele Resolution of hindbrain herniation 4 weeks after in utero closure of ONTD MRI is valuable for preoperative assessment and postoperative evaluation following in utero repair.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES: To describe characteristics of foetuses undergoing in utero repair of open neural tube defects (ONTD) and assess postoperative evolution of posterior fossa and brain morphology.
METHODS: Analysis of pre- and postoperative foetal as well as neonatal MRI of 27 foetuses who underwent in utero repair of ONTD. Type and level of ONTD, hindbrain configuration, posterior fossa and liquor space dimensions, and detection of associated findings were compared between MRI studies and to age-matched controls.
RESULTS: Level of bony spinal defect was defined with exactness of ± one vertebral body. Of surgically confirmed 18 myelomeningoceles (MMC) and 9 myeloschisis (MS), 3 MMC were misdiagnosed as MS due to non-visualisation of a flat membrane on MRI. Hindbrain herniation was more severe in MS than MMC (p < 0.001). After repair, hindbrain herniation resolved in 25/27 cases at 4 weeks and liquor spaces increased. While posterior fossa remained small (p < 0.001), its configuration normalised. Lateral ventricle diameter indexed to cerebral width decreased in 48% and increased in 12% of cases, implying a low rate of progressive obstructive hydrocephalus. Neonatally evident subependymal heterotopias were detected in 33% at preoperative and 50% at postoperative foetal MRI.
CONCLUSION: MRI demonstrates change of Chiari malformation type II (CM-II) features.
KEY POINTS: Hindbrain herniation is significantly more pronounced in myeloschisis than in myelomeningocele Resolution of hindbrain herniation 4 weeks after in utero closure of ONTD MRI is valuable for preoperative assessment and postoperative evaluation following in utero repair.

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Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Children's Hospital Zurich > Medical Clinic
04 Faculty of Medicine > University Children's Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Surgery
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:November 2017
Deposited On:08 Feb 2018 10:27
Last Modified:19 Feb 2018 10:54
Publisher:Springer
ISSN:0938-7994
OA Status:Closed
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1007/s00330-017-4807-y
PubMed ID:28500367

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