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Gender bias in teaching evaluations


Mengel, Friederike; Sauermann, Jan; Zölitz, Ulf (2017). Gender bias in teaching evaluations. IZA Discussion Papers 11000, IZA Institute of Labor Economics.

Abstract

This paper provides new evidence on gender bias in teaching evaluations. We exploit a quasi-experimental dataset of 19,952 student evaluations of university faculty in a context where students are randomly allocated to female or male instructors. Despite the fact that neither students' grades nor self-study hours are affected by the instructor's gender, we find that women receive systematically lower teaching evaluations than their male colleagues. This bias is driven by male students' evaluations, is larger for mathematical courses and particularly pronounced for junior women. The gender bias in teaching evaluations we document may have direct as well as indirect effects on the career progression of women by affecting junior women's confidence and through the reallocation of instructor resources away from research and towards teaching.

Abstract

This paper provides new evidence on gender bias in teaching evaluations. We exploit a quasi-experimental dataset of 19,952 student evaluations of university faculty in a context where students are randomly allocated to female or male instructors. Despite the fact that neither students' grades nor self-study hours are affected by the instructor's gender, we find that women receive systematically lower teaching evaluations than their male colleagues. This bias is driven by male students' evaluations, is larger for mathematical courses and particularly pronounced for junior women. The gender bias in teaching evaluations we document may have direct as well as indirect effects on the career progression of women by affecting junior women's confidence and through the reallocation of instructor resources away from research and towards teaching.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Working Paper
Communities & Collections:03 Faculty of Economics > Department of Economics
Dewey Decimal Classification:330 Economics
JEL Classification:J16, J71, I23, J45
Uncontrolled Keywords:Gender bias, teaching evaluations, female faculty
Language:English
Date:September 2017
Deposited On:31 Jan 2018 17:10
Last Modified:30 Jul 2018 06:45
Series Name:IZA Discussion Papers
Number of Pages:50
OA Status:Green
Related URLs:http://legacy.iza.org/de/webcontent/publications/papers/viewAbstract?dp_id=11000

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