BACKGROUND Left ventricular (LV) ejection fraction (EF) during high dobutamine stress (HD) by real-time gated-SPECT myocardial perfusion imaging (MPI) on a cadmium-zinc-telluride (CZT) gamma camera was validated versus cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (CMR). METHODS AND RESULTS After injecting 99mTc-tetrofosmin (320 MBq) in 50 patients (mean age 64 +/- 11 years), EF at rest and post-stress as well as relevant changes in EF at HD (ΔEF ≥ 5%) were assessed. CZT and CMR rest EF values yielded an excellent correlation and agreement (r = 0.96; P < 0.001; Bland-Altman limits of agreement (BA): + 0 to 14.8%). HD EF acquisition was feasible using CZT and correlated better to HD CMR EF than did post-stress CZT EF (r = 0.85 vs 0.76, respectively, all P < 0.001). Agreement in ΔEF detection between HD CMR and immediate post-stress CZT (reflecting standard acquisition using conventional SPECT camera unable to scan during stress) was 45%, while this increased to 85% with real-time HD CZT scan. CONCLUSION Real-time ultrafast dobutamine gated-SPECT MPI with a CZT device is feasible and provides accurate measurements of HD LV performance.