Header

UZH-Logo

Maintenance Infos

Reprogramming Primary Amniotic Fluid and Membrane Cells to Pluripotency in Xeno-free Conditions


Slamecka, Jaroslav; Laurini, Javier; Shirley, Troy; Hoerstrup, Simon Philipp; Weber, Benedikt; Owen, Laurie; McClellan, Steven (2017). Reprogramming Primary Amniotic Fluid and Membrane Cells to Pluripotency in Xeno-free Conditions. Journal of Visualized Experiments (Jove), (129):56003.

Abstract

Autologous cell-based therapies got a step closer to reality with the introduction of induced pluripotent stem cells. Fetal stem cells, such as amniotic fluid and membrane mesenchymal stem cells, represent a unique type of undifferentiated cells with promise in tissue engineering and for reprogramming into iPSC for future pediatric interventions and stem cell banking. The protocol presented here describes an optimized procedure for extracting and culturing primary amniotic fluid and membrane mesenchymal stem cells and generating episomal induced pluripotent stem cells from these cells in fully chemically defined culture conditions utilizing human recombinant vitronectin and the E8 medium. Characterization of the new lines by applying stringent methods - flow cytometry, confocal imaging, teratoma formation and transcriptional profiling - is also described. The newly generated lines express markers of embryonic stem cells - Oct3/4A, Nanog, Sox2, TRA-1-60, TRA-1-81, SSEA-4 - while being negative for the SSEA-1 marker. The stem cell lines form teratomas in scid-beige mice in 6-8 weeks and the teratomas contain tissues representative of all three germ layers. Transcriptional profiling of the lines by submitting global expression microarray data to a bioinformatic pluripotency assessment algorithm deemed all lines pluripotent and therefore, this approach is an attractive alternative to animal testing. The new iPSC lines can readily be used in downstream experiments involving the optimization of differentiation and tissue engineering.

Abstract

Autologous cell-based therapies got a step closer to reality with the introduction of induced pluripotent stem cells. Fetal stem cells, such as amniotic fluid and membrane mesenchymal stem cells, represent a unique type of undifferentiated cells with promise in tissue engineering and for reprogramming into iPSC for future pediatric interventions and stem cell banking. The protocol presented here describes an optimized procedure for extracting and culturing primary amniotic fluid and membrane mesenchymal stem cells and generating episomal induced pluripotent stem cells from these cells in fully chemically defined culture conditions utilizing human recombinant vitronectin and the E8 medium. Characterization of the new lines by applying stringent methods - flow cytometry, confocal imaging, teratoma formation and transcriptional profiling - is also described. The newly generated lines express markers of embryonic stem cells - Oct3/4A, Nanog, Sox2, TRA-1-60, TRA-1-81, SSEA-4 - while being negative for the SSEA-1 marker. The stem cell lines form teratomas in scid-beige mice in 6-8 weeks and the teratomas contain tissues representative of all three germ layers. Transcriptional profiling of the lines by submitting global expression microarray data to a bioinformatic pluripotency assessment algorithm deemed all lines pluripotent and therefore, this approach is an attractive alternative to animal testing. The new iPSC lines can readily be used in downstream experiments involving the optimization of differentiation and tissue engineering.

Statistics

Citations

Altmetrics

Downloads

0 downloads since deposited on 15 Feb 2018
0 downloads since 12 months

Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, further contribution
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Institute for Regenerative Medicine (IREM)
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:27 November 2017
Deposited On:15 Feb 2018 19:16
Last Modified:14 Mar 2018 17:45
Publisher:Journal of Visualized Experiments
ISSN:1940-087X
OA Status:Closed
Free access at:Publisher DOI. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.3791/56003
PubMed ID:29286443

Download