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Prevention of arterial hypotension after spinal anaesthesia using vena cava ultrasound to guide fluid management


Ceruti, S; Anselmi, L; Minotti, B; Franceschini, D; Aguirre, J; Borgeat, A; Saporito, A (2018). Prevention of arterial hypotension after spinal anaesthesia using vena cava ultrasound to guide fluid management. British Journal of Anaesthesia, 120(1):101-108.

Abstract

BACKGROUND Significant hypotension is frequent after spinal anaesthesia and fluid administration as therapy is usually empirical. Inferior vena cava (IVC) ultrasound (US) is effective to assess fluid responsiveness in critical care patients. The aim of this study was to evaluate the IVCUS-guided volume optimization to prevent post-spinal hypotension. METHODS In this prospective, randomized, cohort study, 160 patients scheduled for surgery under spinal anaesthesia were randomized into a study group (IVCUS-group), consisting of an IVCUS analysis before spinal anaesthesia with IVCUS-guided volume management and a control group (group C) with no IVCUS assessment. The primary outcome was a relative risk reduction in the incidence of hypotension between the groups; secondary outcomes were the need for vasoactive drugs and the amounts of fluids required after spinal anaesthesia. We also tested the hypothesis of a correlation between IVC collapsibility index and hypotension after spinal anaesthesia. RESULTS The relative risk reduction of hypotension between the groups was 35% (IVCUS-group 27.5%, Group C 42.5%, P=0.044, CI=95%). The need for vasoactive drugs in the IVCUS-group was significantly lower compared to the C-group (P=0.015), while the total amount of fluids was significantly superior higher in the IVCUS group (P<0.0001) compared to Group C. IVC collapsibility index was correlated with the amount of fluid administered (r2=0.32), but could not be used to predict postspinal anaesthesia hypotension. CONCLUSIONS IVCUS is an effective method to prevent postspinal anaesthesia hypotension by IVCUS-guided fluid administration before spinal anaesthesia. CLINICAL TRIAL REGISTRATION www.clinicaltrials.gov - NCT02271477.

Abstract

BACKGROUND Significant hypotension is frequent after spinal anaesthesia and fluid administration as therapy is usually empirical. Inferior vena cava (IVC) ultrasound (US) is effective to assess fluid responsiveness in critical care patients. The aim of this study was to evaluate the IVCUS-guided volume optimization to prevent post-spinal hypotension. METHODS In this prospective, randomized, cohort study, 160 patients scheduled for surgery under spinal anaesthesia were randomized into a study group (IVCUS-group), consisting of an IVCUS analysis before spinal anaesthesia with IVCUS-guided volume management and a control group (group C) with no IVCUS assessment. The primary outcome was a relative risk reduction in the incidence of hypotension between the groups; secondary outcomes were the need for vasoactive drugs and the amounts of fluids required after spinal anaesthesia. We also tested the hypothesis of a correlation between IVC collapsibility index and hypotension after spinal anaesthesia. RESULTS The relative risk reduction of hypotension between the groups was 35% (IVCUS-group 27.5%, Group C 42.5%, P=0.044, CI=95%). The need for vasoactive drugs in the IVCUS-group was significantly lower compared to the C-group (P=0.015), while the total amount of fluids was significantly superior higher in the IVCUS group (P<0.0001) compared to Group C. IVC collapsibility index was correlated with the amount of fluid administered (r2=0.32), but could not be used to predict postspinal anaesthesia hypotension. CONCLUSIONS IVCUS is an effective method to prevent postspinal anaesthesia hypotension by IVCUS-guided fluid administration before spinal anaesthesia. CLINICAL TRIAL REGISTRATION www.clinicaltrials.gov - NCT02271477.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Balgrist University Hospital, Swiss Spinal Cord Injury Center
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:January 2018
Deposited On:22 Feb 2018 14:07
Last Modified:14 Mar 2018 15:34
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:0007-0912
OA Status:Closed
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bja.2017.08.001
PubMed ID:29397116

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