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Self-regulation as a predictor of patterns of change in externalizing behaviors from infancy to adolescence


Perry, Nicole B; Calkins, Susan D; Dollar, Jessica M; Keane, Susan P; Shanahan, Lilly (2018). Self-regulation as a predictor of patterns of change in externalizing behaviors from infancy to adolescence. Development and Psychopathology, 30(02):497-510.

Abstract

We examined associations between specific self-regulatory mechanisms and externalizing behavior patterns from ages 2 to 15 (N = 443). The relation between multiple self-regulatory indicators across multiple domains (i.e., physiological, attentional, emotional, and behavioral) at age 2 and at age 5 and group membership in four distinct externalizing trajectories was examined. By examining each of these self-regulatory processes in combination with one another, and therefore accounting for their shared variance, we aimed to better understand which specific self-regulatory skills were associated most strongly with externalizing behavioral patterns. Findings suggest that behavioral inhibitory control and emotion regulation are particularly important in distinguishing between children who show normative declines in externalizing behaviors across early childhood and those who demonstrate high levels through adolescence.

Abstract

We examined associations between specific self-regulatory mechanisms and externalizing behavior patterns from ages 2 to 15 (N = 443). The relation between multiple self-regulatory indicators across multiple domains (i.e., physiological, attentional, emotional, and behavioral) at age 2 and at age 5 and group membership in four distinct externalizing trajectories was examined. By examining each of these self-regulatory processes in combination with one another, and therefore accounting for their shared variance, we aimed to better understand which specific self-regulatory skills were associated most strongly with externalizing behavioral patterns. Findings suggest that behavioral inhibitory control and emotion regulation are particularly important in distinguishing between children who show normative declines in externalizing behaviors across early childhood and those who demonstrate high levels through adolescence.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:06 Faculty of Arts > Institute of Psychology
Dewey Decimal Classification:150 Psychology
Language:German
Date:2018
Deposited On:08 Feb 2018 12:46
Last Modified:31 Jul 2018 04:27
Publisher:Cambridge University Press
ISSN:0954-5794
OA Status:Closed
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1017/S0954579417000992
PubMed ID:28641597
Project Information:
  • : FunderNIMH
  • : Grant IDMH 55625
  • : Project Title
  • : FunderNIMH
  • : Grant IDMH 55584
  • : Project Title
  • : FunderNIMH
  • : Grant IDMH 74077
  • : Project Title
  • : FunderNIMH
  • : Grant IDMH 58144
  • : Project Title
  • : Project Websitehttps://www.nimh.nih.gov/index.shtml

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