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Graviton resonance phenomenology and a pseudo-Nambu-Goldstone boson Higgs at the LHC


Alvarez, Ezequiel; Da Rold, Leandro; Mazzitelli, Javier; Szynkman, Alejandro (2017). Graviton resonance phenomenology and a pseudo-Nambu-Goldstone boson Higgs at the LHC. Physical Review. D, Particles, fields, gravitation and cosmology, 95(11):115012.

Abstract

We present an effective description of a spin two massive state and a pseudo-Nambu-Goldstone boson Higgs in a two site model. Using this framework, we model the spin-two state as a massive graviton and we study its phenomenology at the LHC. We find that a reduced set of parameters can describe the most important features of this scenario. We address the question of which channel is the most sensitive to detect this graviton. Instead of designing search strategies to estimate the significance in each channel, we compare the ratio of our theoretical predictions to the limits set by available experimental searches for all the decay channels and as a function of the free parameters in the model. We discuss the phenomenological details contained in the outcome of this simple procedure. The results indicate that, for the studied masses between 0.5 and 3 TeV, the channels to look for such a graviton resonance are mainly $ZZ$, $WW$, and $\gamma\gamma$. This is the case even though top and bottom quarks dominate the branching ratios, since their experimental sensitivity is not as good as the one of the electroweak gauge bosons. We find that as the graviton mass increases, the $ZZ$ and $WW$ channels become more important because of its relatively better enhancement over background, mainly due to fat jet techniques. We determine the region of the parameter space that has already been excluded and the reach for the LHC next stages. We also estimate the size of the loop-induced contributions to the production and decay of the graviton, and show in which region of the parameter space their effects are relevant for our analysis.

Abstract

We present an effective description of a spin two massive state and a pseudo-Nambu-Goldstone boson Higgs in a two site model. Using this framework, we model the spin-two state as a massive graviton and we study its phenomenology at the LHC. We find that a reduced set of parameters can describe the most important features of this scenario. We address the question of which channel is the most sensitive to detect this graviton. Instead of designing search strategies to estimate the significance in each channel, we compare the ratio of our theoretical predictions to the limits set by available experimental searches for all the decay channels and as a function of the free parameters in the model. We discuss the phenomenological details contained in the outcome of this simple procedure. The results indicate that, for the studied masses between 0.5 and 3 TeV, the channels to look for such a graviton resonance are mainly $ZZ$, $WW$, and $\gamma\gamma$. This is the case even though top and bottom quarks dominate the branching ratios, since their experimental sensitivity is not as good as the one of the electroweak gauge bosons. We find that as the graviton mass increases, the $ZZ$ and $WW$ channels become more important because of its relatively better enhancement over background, mainly due to fat jet techniques. We determine the region of the parameter space that has already been excluded and the reach for the LHC next stages. We also estimate the size of the loop-induced contributions to the production and decay of the graviton, and show in which region of the parameter space their effects are relevant for our analysis.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:07 Faculty of Science > Physics Institute
Dewey Decimal Classification:530 Physics
Language:English
Date:2017
Deposited On:15 Feb 2018 14:21
Last Modified:19 Feb 2018 11:12
Publisher:American Physical Society
ISSN:1550-7998
OA Status:Green
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevD.95.115012

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