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Measurement of the $D^+$-meson production cross section at low transverse momentum in $p\overline{p}$ collisions at $\sqrt{s}$ = 1.96 TeV


Aaltonen, T; Amerio, S; Amidei, D; Anastassov, A; Annovi, A; Antos, J; Apollinari, G; Appel, J A; Arisawa, T; Artikov, A; Asaadi, J; Ashmanskas, W; Auerbach, B; Aurisano, A; Azfar, F; Badgett, W; Bae, T; Barbaro-Galtieri, A; Barnes, V E; Barnett, B A; Barria, P; Bartos, P; Bauce, M; Bedeschi, F; Behari, S; Bellettini, G; Bellinger, J; Benjamin, D; Beretvas, A; Bhatti, A; Canelli, F; Kilminster, B; et al (2017). Measurement of the $D^+$-meson production cross section at low transverse momentum in $p\overline{p}$ collisions at $\sqrt{s}$ = 1.96 TeV. Physical review. D, 95(9):092006.

Abstract

We report on a measurement of the $D^+$-meson production cross section as a function of transverse momentum ($p_T$) in proton-antiproton ($p\overline{p}$) collisions at 1.96 TeV center-of-mass energy, using the full data set collected by the Collider Detector at Fermilab in Tevatron Run II and corresponding to 10  fb$^{−1}$ of integrated luminosity. We use $D^+ \to K^- \pi^+\pi^+$ decays fully reconstructed in the central rapidity region $|y| < 1$ with transverse momentum down to $1.5 GeV/c$, a range previously unexplored in $p\overline{p}$ collisions. Inelastic $p\overline{p}$ -scattering events are selected online using minimally biasing requirements followed by an optimized offline selection. The $K^-\pi^+\pi^+$ mass distribution is used to identify the $D^+$ signal, and the $D^+$ transverse impact-parameter distribution is used to separate prompt production, occurring directly in the hard-scattering process, from secondary production from b-hadron decays. We obtain a prompt $D^+$ signal of 2950 candidates corresponding to a total cross section $\sigma(D^+, 1.5 < p_T < 14.5 GeV/c, |y| < 1) = 71.9 \pm 6.8(stat) \pm 9.3(syst) \mu b$. While the measured cross sections are consistent with theoretical estimates in each $p_T$ bin, the shape of the observed $p_T$ spectrum is softer than the expectation from quantum chromodynamics. The results are unique in $p\overline{p}$ collisions and can improve the shape and uncertainties of future predictions.

Abstract

We report on a measurement of the $D^+$-meson production cross section as a function of transverse momentum ($p_T$) in proton-antiproton ($p\overline{p}$) collisions at 1.96 TeV center-of-mass energy, using the full data set collected by the Collider Detector at Fermilab in Tevatron Run II and corresponding to 10  fb$^{−1}$ of integrated luminosity. We use $D^+ \to K^- \pi^+\pi^+$ decays fully reconstructed in the central rapidity region $|y| < 1$ with transverse momentum down to $1.5 GeV/c$, a range previously unexplored in $p\overline{p}$ collisions. Inelastic $p\overline{p}$ -scattering events are selected online using minimally biasing requirements followed by an optimized offline selection. The $K^-\pi^+\pi^+$ mass distribution is used to identify the $D^+$ signal, and the $D^+$ transverse impact-parameter distribution is used to separate prompt production, occurring directly in the hard-scattering process, from secondary production from b-hadron decays. We obtain a prompt $D^+$ signal of 2950 candidates corresponding to a total cross section $\sigma(D^+, 1.5 < p_T < 14.5 GeV/c, |y| < 1) = 71.9 \pm 6.8(stat) \pm 9.3(syst) \mu b$. While the measured cross sections are consistent with theoretical estimates in each $p_T$ bin, the shape of the observed $p_T$ spectrum is softer than the expectation from quantum chromodynamics. The results are unique in $p\overline{p}$ collisions and can improve the shape and uncertainties of future predictions.

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Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:07 Faculty of Science > Physics Institute
Dewey Decimal Classification:530 Physics
Language:English
Date:2017
Deposited On:15 Feb 2018 14:53
Last Modified:19 Aug 2018 14:27
Publisher:American Physical Society
ISSN:2470-0010
OA Status:Green
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevD.95.092006
Project Information:
  • : FunderFP7
  • : Grant ID302103
  • : Project TitleTAUKITFORNEWPHYSICS - Tau Toolkit for opening the New Physics Window at LHC and possible spin off effects

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