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Correlation of the plasma sphingoid base profile with results from oral glucose tolerance tests in gestational diabetes mellitus


Khan, Abad; Hornemann, Thorsten (2017). Correlation of the plasma sphingoid base profile with results from oral glucose tolerance tests in gestational diabetes mellitus. EXCLI Journal, 16:497-509.

Abstract

Oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) is usually insufficient to accurately predict the risk for type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), it is therefore necessary to identify an additional biomarker that would most likely improve the accuracy of OGTT. The current OGTT was performed in 53 volunteers after ingestion of 75 g glucose in 250 ml water to each volunteer. Similarly the sphingoid base profile of these volunteers was explored using liquid-chromatography linked with mass spectrometer (LC-MS) and correlated with the different time-points glucose values of OGTT as well as with total area under the curve (tAUC), incremental area under the curve (iAUC), and positive incremental area under the curve (pAUC). The findings showed that 1-deoxysphinganine (1-deoxySA) was significantly positively correlated with the 1-hour, 2-hour, and 3-hour plasma glucose level as well as with total, incremental, and positive incremental AUC while 1-deoxysphingosine (1-deoxySO) was correlated only with 1-hour, 2-hour glucose levels and tAUC of OGTT. The C18SAdiene was negatively correlated with all-time points glucose values and AUCs followed by negative correlation of C18SO, C16SO and C17SO with 2-hour glucose and tAUC of OGTT. The ratios of 1-deoxySA and 1-deoxySO with respect to C18SAdiene have shown significant correlation with 2-hour and AUCs. These ratios were higher in subjects with gestational diabetes in comparison with normal subjects. These findings underlined that 1-deoxysphingolipids (1-deoxySLs) and their ratios with C18SAdiene could be significantly correlated with the glucose load of OGTT and might be used as predictive biomarkers along with OGTT for the risk assessment of diabetes.

Abstract

Oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) is usually insufficient to accurately predict the risk for type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), it is therefore necessary to identify an additional biomarker that would most likely improve the accuracy of OGTT. The current OGTT was performed in 53 volunteers after ingestion of 75 g glucose in 250 ml water to each volunteer. Similarly the sphingoid base profile of these volunteers was explored using liquid-chromatography linked with mass spectrometer (LC-MS) and correlated with the different time-points glucose values of OGTT as well as with total area under the curve (tAUC), incremental area under the curve (iAUC), and positive incremental area under the curve (pAUC). The findings showed that 1-deoxysphinganine (1-deoxySA) was significantly positively correlated with the 1-hour, 2-hour, and 3-hour plasma glucose level as well as with total, incremental, and positive incremental AUC while 1-deoxysphingosine (1-deoxySO) was correlated only with 1-hour, 2-hour glucose levels and tAUC of OGTT. The C18SAdiene was negatively correlated with all-time points glucose values and AUCs followed by negative correlation of C18SO, C16SO and C17SO with 2-hour glucose and tAUC of OGTT. The ratios of 1-deoxySA and 1-deoxySO with respect to C18SAdiene have shown significant correlation with 2-hour and AUCs. These ratios were higher in subjects with gestational diabetes in comparison with normal subjects. These findings underlined that 1-deoxysphingolipids (1-deoxySLs) and their ratios with C18SAdiene could be significantly correlated with the glucose load of OGTT and might be used as predictive biomarkers along with OGTT for the risk assessment of diabetes.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Institute of Clinical Chemistry
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
540 Chemistry
Language:English
Date:2017
Deposited On:26 Feb 2018 15:25
Last Modified:14 Mar 2018 17:53
Publisher:IfADo - Leibniz Research Centre for Working Environment and Human Factors, Dortmund
ISSN:1611-2156
OA Status:Gold
Free access at:PubMed ID. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.17179/excli2017-171
PubMed ID:28694753

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