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Search for WIMP inelastic scattering off xenon nuclei with XENON100


XENON Collaboration; Baudis, Laura; Brown, Adam; Capelli, Chiara; Galloway, Michelle; Kazama, Shingo; Kish, Alexander; Piastra, Francesco; Reichard, Shayne; Wulf, Julien; et al (2017). Search for WIMP inelastic scattering off xenon nuclei with XENON100. Physical Review. D, Particles, fields, gravitation and cosmology, D96(2):022008.

Abstract

We present the first constraints on the spin-dependent, inelastic scattering cross section of weakly interacting massive particles (WIMPs) on nucleons from XENON100 data with an exposure of $7.64 \times 10^3 kg \cdot$ days. XENON100 is a dual-phase xenon time projection chamber with 62 kg of active mass, operated at the Laboratori Nazionali del Gran Sasso (LNGS) in Italy and designed to search for nuclear recoils from WIMP-nucleus interactions. Here we explore inelastic scattering, where a transition to a low-lying excited nuclear state of $^{129}Xe$ is induced. The experimental signature is a nuclear recoil observed together with the prompt deexcitation photon. We see no evidence for such inelastic WIMP-$^{129}Xe$ interactions. A profile likelihood analysis allows us to set a 90% C.L. upper limit on the inelastic, spin-dependent WIMP-nucleon cross section of $3.3 \times 10^{−38}  cm^2$ at 100 $GeV/c^2$. This is the most constraining result to date, and sets the pathway for an analysis of this interaction channel in upcoming, larger dual-phase xenon detectors.

Abstract

We present the first constraints on the spin-dependent, inelastic scattering cross section of weakly interacting massive particles (WIMPs) on nucleons from XENON100 data with an exposure of $7.64 \times 10^3 kg \cdot$ days. XENON100 is a dual-phase xenon time projection chamber with 62 kg of active mass, operated at the Laboratori Nazionali del Gran Sasso (LNGS) in Italy and designed to search for nuclear recoils from WIMP-nucleus interactions. Here we explore inelastic scattering, where a transition to a low-lying excited nuclear state of $^{129}Xe$ is induced. The experimental signature is a nuclear recoil observed together with the prompt deexcitation photon. We see no evidence for such inelastic WIMP-$^{129}Xe$ interactions. A profile likelihood analysis allows us to set a 90% C.L. upper limit on the inelastic, spin-dependent WIMP-nucleon cross section of $3.3 \times 10^{−38}  cm^2$ at 100 $GeV/c^2$. This is the most constraining result to date, and sets the pathway for an analysis of this interaction channel in upcoming, larger dual-phase xenon detectors.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:07 Faculty of Science > Physics Institute
Dewey Decimal Classification:530 Physics
Language:English
Date:2017
Deposited On:12 Feb 2018 16:08
Last Modified:19 Feb 2018 11:14
Publisher:American Physical Society
ISSN:1550-7998
OA Status:Green
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevD.96.022008

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