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Chlorophyll and Chlorophyll Catabolite Analysis by HPLC


Das, Aditi; Guyer, Luzia; Hörtensteiner, Stefan (2018). Chlorophyll and Chlorophyll Catabolite Analysis by HPLC. In: Guo, Yongfeng. Plant Senescence : Methods and Protocols. New York: Springer, 223-235.

Abstract

The most obvious event of leaf senescence is the loss of chlorophyll. Chlorophyll degradation proceeds in a well-characterized pathway that, although being common to higher plants, yields a species-specific set of chlorophyll catabolites, termed phyllobilins. Analysis of chlorophyll degradation and phyllobilin accumulation by high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) is a valuable tool to investigate senescence processes in plants. In this chapter, methods for the extraction, separation, and quantification of chlorophyll and its degradation products are described. Because of their different physicochemical properties, chlorin-type pigments (chlorophylls and magnesium-free pheo-pigments) and phyllobilins (linear tetrapyrroles) are analyzed separately. Specific spectral properties and polarity differences allow the identification of the different classes of known chlorins and phyllobilins. The methods provided facilitate the analysis of chlorophyll degradation and the identification of chlorophyll catabolites in a wide range of plant species, in different tissues, and under a variety of physiological conditions that involve loss of chlorophyll.

Abstract

The most obvious event of leaf senescence is the loss of chlorophyll. Chlorophyll degradation proceeds in a well-characterized pathway that, although being common to higher plants, yields a species-specific set of chlorophyll catabolites, termed phyllobilins. Analysis of chlorophyll degradation and phyllobilin accumulation by high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) is a valuable tool to investigate senescence processes in plants. In this chapter, methods for the extraction, separation, and quantification of chlorophyll and its degradation products are described. Because of their different physicochemical properties, chlorin-type pigments (chlorophylls and magnesium-free pheo-pigments) and phyllobilins (linear tetrapyrroles) are analyzed separately. Specific spectral properties and polarity differences allow the identification of the different classes of known chlorins and phyllobilins. The methods provided facilitate the analysis of chlorophyll degradation and the identification of chlorophyll catabolites in a wide range of plant species, in different tissues, and under a variety of physiological conditions that involve loss of chlorophyll.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Book Section, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:07 Faculty of Science > Department of Plant and Microbial Biology
07 Faculty of Science > Zurich-Basel Plant Science Center
Dewey Decimal Classification:580 Plants (Botany)
Language:English
Date:2018
Deposited On:09 Mar 2018 08:40
Last Modified:14 Mar 2018 15:36
Publisher:Springer
ISSN:1064-3745
OA Status:Closed
Free access at:Publisher DOI. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4939-7672-0_18
PubMed ID:29392669

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