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Predictors of pediatric blunt cerebrovascular injury


Rossidis, Avery C; Tharakan, Sasha J; Bose, Sourav K; Shekdar, Karuna V; Nance, Michael L; Blinman, Thane A (2018). Predictors of pediatric blunt cerebrovascular injury. Journal of Pediatric Surgery, 53(1):141-145.

Abstract

BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: Blunt cerebrovascular injury (BCVI) is clinically challenging because these injuries are hard to detect and can have serious neurological consequences, and optimal screening criteria have not been established for children. This study aims to determine risk factors for BCVI in pediatric patients and to evaluate screening practices in a single institutional series.
METHODS: A retrospective review of all pediatric blunt trauma patients evaluated over a 10-year period was performed. Demographic, clinical, and radiographic data were reviewed, including the presence of adult risk factors for BCVI. Logistic regression analyses were performed with statistical significance established at p<0.05.
RESULTS: Of the 11,596 patients evaluated during the study period, 1018 (8.8%) had at least one adult risk factor for BCVI, but only 62 (6.1% of those with risk factors) underwent angiographic evaluation. Overall, 11 BCVIs were observed, resulting in an incidence of 0.095%. All 11 patients with BCVI had at least one risk factor. Multivariate logistic regression analysis identified cervical spine fracture (OR 36.88 [8.36, 169.95]), GCS score ≤ 8 (OR 16.42 [2.16, 102.33]), male gender (OR 10.52 [1.33, 363.30]), Le Fort II or III facial fracture (OR 63.71 [2.16, 1124.68]), and ISS (unit OR 1.10 [1.04, 1.17]) as independent risk factors for BCVI.
CONCLUSION: Adult screening criteria for BCVI appear appropriate for pediatric patients, but most at-risk children are not being screened.
LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Level III (retrospective case-control study).

Abstract

BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: Blunt cerebrovascular injury (BCVI) is clinically challenging because these injuries are hard to detect and can have serious neurological consequences, and optimal screening criteria have not been established for children. This study aims to determine risk factors for BCVI in pediatric patients and to evaluate screening practices in a single institutional series.
METHODS: A retrospective review of all pediatric blunt trauma patients evaluated over a 10-year period was performed. Demographic, clinical, and radiographic data were reviewed, including the presence of adult risk factors for BCVI. Logistic regression analyses were performed with statistical significance established at p<0.05.
RESULTS: Of the 11,596 patients evaluated during the study period, 1018 (8.8%) had at least one adult risk factor for BCVI, but only 62 (6.1% of those with risk factors) underwent angiographic evaluation. Overall, 11 BCVIs were observed, resulting in an incidence of 0.095%. All 11 patients with BCVI had at least one risk factor. Multivariate logistic regression analysis identified cervical spine fracture (OR 36.88 [8.36, 169.95]), GCS score ≤ 8 (OR 16.42 [2.16, 102.33]), male gender (OR 10.52 [1.33, 363.30]), Le Fort II or III facial fracture (OR 63.71 [2.16, 1124.68]), and ISS (unit OR 1.10 [1.04, 1.17]) as independent risk factors for BCVI.
CONCLUSION: Adult screening criteria for BCVI appear appropriate for pediatric patients, but most at-risk children are not being screened.
LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Level III (retrospective case-control study).

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Children's Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Surgery
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:2018
Deposited On:21 Feb 2018 14:50
Last Modified:14 Mar 2018 15:36
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:0022-3468
OA Status:Closed
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jpedsurg.2017.10.037
PubMed ID:29108846

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