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Landing a job, sinking a career? The trade-off between occupational downgrading and quick reemployment according to unemployed jobseekers' career stage and job prospects


Buchs, Helen; Murphy, Emily; Buchmann, Marlis (2017). Landing a job, sinking a career? The trade-off between occupational downgrading and quick reemployment according to unemployed jobseekers' career stage and job prospects. Research in Social Stratification and Mobility, 52(December):26-35.

Abstract

A critical aspect of individual careers is the quality of jobs the unemployed match to at reemployment. The present study examines a trade-off the unemployed face in occupationally segmented labor markets: quickly exiting unemployment via downgraded reemployment or holding out for a skill adequate job while remaining unemployed. We analyze how the likelihood of involuntary status downgrading relates to the relative availability of ‘best fit’ vacancies at particular stages of a career. This study thus contributes to the broader literature on scar effects incurred from the experience of unemployment. Another contribution is the construction of refined measures of accessible vacancies at the micro level. Proportional hazard rate models are estimated using an inflow sample (2006–2014) of unemployed men with vocational education in Switzerland. Our results show that a higher relative availability of ‘best fit’ vacancies lowers jobseekers' risk of taking up a lower prestige job than the one sought. Career stage also matters for the trade-off between the quality and speed of reemployment, with trial stage unemployed being most responsive to job prospects.

Abstract

A critical aspect of individual careers is the quality of jobs the unemployed match to at reemployment. The present study examines a trade-off the unemployed face in occupationally segmented labor markets: quickly exiting unemployment via downgraded reemployment or holding out for a skill adequate job while remaining unemployed. We analyze how the likelihood of involuntary status downgrading relates to the relative availability of ‘best fit’ vacancies at particular stages of a career. This study thus contributes to the broader literature on scar effects incurred from the experience of unemployment. Another contribution is the construction of refined measures of accessible vacancies at the micro level. Proportional hazard rate models are estimated using an inflow sample (2006–2014) of unemployed men with vocational education in Switzerland. Our results show that a higher relative availability of ‘best fit’ vacancies lowers jobseekers' risk of taking up a lower prestige job than the one sought. Career stage also matters for the trade-off between the quality and speed of reemployment, with trial stage unemployed being most responsive to job prospects.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, not_refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:06 Faculty of Arts > Institute of Sociology
Dewey Decimal Classification:370 Education
Scopus Subject Areas:Social Sciences & Humanities > Social Sciences (miscellaneous)
Uncontrolled Keywords:Unemployment, Search and matching, Occupational status mobility, Labor demand, Occupational labor market
Language:English
Date:December 2017
Deposited On:01 Mar 2018 14:16
Last Modified:28 Jul 2020 13:36
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:0276-5624
OA Status:Closed
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rssm.2017.10.001

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