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Long-term safety of intravenous cardiovascular agents in acute heart failure: results from the European Society of Cardiology Heart Failure Long-Term Registry


Mebazaa, Alexandre; Motiejunaite, Justina; Gayat, Etienne; Crespo-Leiro, Maria G; Lund, Lars H; Maggioni, Aldo P; Chioncel, Ovidiu; Akiyama, Eiichi; Harjola, Veli-Pekka; Seferovic, Petar; Laroche, Cecile; Julve, Marisa Sanz; Roig, Eulalia; Ruschitzka, Frank; Filippatos, Gerasimos; ESC Heart Failure Long-Term Registry Investigators (2018). Long-term safety of intravenous cardiovascular agents in acute heart failure: results from the European Society of Cardiology Heart Failure Long-Term Registry. European Journal of Heart Failure, 20(2):332-341.

Abstract

AIMS: The aim of this study was to assess long-term safety of intravenous cardiovascular agents-vasodilators, inotropes and/or vasopressors-in acute heart failure (AHF).
METHODS AND RESULTS: The European Society of Cardiology Heart Failure Long-Term (ESC-HF-LT) registry was a prospective, observational registry conducted in 21 countries. Patients with unscheduled hospitalizations for AHF (n = 6926) were included: 1304 (18.8%) patients received a combination of intravenous (i.v.) vasodilators and diuretics, 833 (12%) patients received i.v. inotropes and/or vasopressors. Primary endpoint was long-term all-cause mortality. Main secondary endpoints were in-hospital and post-discharge mortality. Adjusted hazard ratio (HR) showed no association between the use of i.v. vasodilator and diuretic and long-term mortality [HR 0.784, 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.596-1.032] nor in-hospital mortality (HR 1.049, 95% CI 0.592-1.857) in the matched cohort (n = 976 paired patients). By contrast, adjusted HR demonstrated a detrimental association between the use of i.v. inotrope and/or vasopressor and long-term all-cause mortality (HR 1.434, 95% CI 1.128-1.823), as well as in-hospital mortality (HR 1.873, 95% CI 1.151-3.048) in the matched cohort (n = 606 paired patients). No association was found between the use of i.v. inotropes and/or vasopressors and long-term mortality in patients discharged alive (HR 1.078, 95% CI 0.769-1.512). A detrimental association with inotropes and/or vasopressors was seen in all geographic regions and, among catecholamines, dopamine was associated with the highest risk of death (HR 1.628, 95% CI 1.031-2.572 vs. no inotropes).
CONCLUSIONS: Vasodilators did not demonstrate any association with long-term clinical outcomes, while inotropes and/or vasopressors were associated with increased risk of all-cause death, mostly related to excess of in-hospital mortality in AHF.

Abstract

AIMS: The aim of this study was to assess long-term safety of intravenous cardiovascular agents-vasodilators, inotropes and/or vasopressors-in acute heart failure (AHF).
METHODS AND RESULTS: The European Society of Cardiology Heart Failure Long-Term (ESC-HF-LT) registry was a prospective, observational registry conducted in 21 countries. Patients with unscheduled hospitalizations for AHF (n = 6926) were included: 1304 (18.8%) patients received a combination of intravenous (i.v.) vasodilators and diuretics, 833 (12%) patients received i.v. inotropes and/or vasopressors. Primary endpoint was long-term all-cause mortality. Main secondary endpoints were in-hospital and post-discharge mortality. Adjusted hazard ratio (HR) showed no association between the use of i.v. vasodilator and diuretic and long-term mortality [HR 0.784, 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.596-1.032] nor in-hospital mortality (HR 1.049, 95% CI 0.592-1.857) in the matched cohort (n = 976 paired patients). By contrast, adjusted HR demonstrated a detrimental association between the use of i.v. inotrope and/or vasopressor and long-term all-cause mortality (HR 1.434, 95% CI 1.128-1.823), as well as in-hospital mortality (HR 1.873, 95% CI 1.151-3.048) in the matched cohort (n = 606 paired patients). No association was found between the use of i.v. inotropes and/or vasopressors and long-term mortality in patients discharged alive (HR 1.078, 95% CI 0.769-1.512). A detrimental association with inotropes and/or vasopressors was seen in all geographic regions and, among catecholamines, dopamine was associated with the highest risk of death (HR 1.628, 95% CI 1.031-2.572 vs. no inotropes).
CONCLUSIONS: Vasodilators did not demonstrate any association with long-term clinical outcomes, while inotropes and/or vasopressors were associated with increased risk of all-cause death, mostly related to excess of in-hospital mortality in AHF.

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Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Cardiology
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Uncontrolled Keywords:Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
Language:English
Date:8 October 2018
Deposited On:26 Feb 2018 21:03
Last Modified:19 Aug 2018 14:56
Publisher:Wiley-Blackwell Publishing, Inc.
ISSN:1388-9842
OA Status:Closed
Free access at:Publisher DOI. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1002/ejhf.991
PubMed ID:28990358

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