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Überlegungen zur Sprache und Geschichte der Philosophie


Schulthess, Peter (2017). Überlegungen zur Sprache und Geschichte der Philosophie. Studia Philosophica, 76:59-79.

Abstract

This paper challenges a view often held by analytic philosophers according to which philosophy is independent from the history of philosophy, by setting out to undermine the analogy between philosophy and science on which the view in question is plausibly understood to depend. Philosophy is neither a scientific theory nor is it based on a pre-existing subject-matter. Rather, philosophical problems and topics are fundamentally constituted by language. This distinctive feature makes it necessary for philosophers to engage with the problems of the history of philosophy, since the linguistic universal of historicity is part and parcel of both language in general and philosophical language in particular. Moreover, the language of philosophy is not only essentially historical but also necessarily determined by the pragmatic feature of alterity. Such a feature implies that philosophers can properly understand and reasonably adopt a position on a given philosophical issue only if they reflect upon their own and others’ perspectives. Therefore, it is impossible to do philosophy without including other positions previously held in the history of philosophy.

Abstract

This paper challenges a view often held by analytic philosophers according to which philosophy is independent from the history of philosophy, by setting out to undermine the analogy between philosophy and science on which the view in question is plausibly understood to depend. Philosophy is neither a scientific theory nor is it based on a pre-existing subject-matter. Rather, philosophical problems and topics are fundamentally constituted by language. This distinctive feature makes it necessary for philosophers to engage with the problems of the history of philosophy, since the linguistic universal of historicity is part and parcel of both language in general and philosophical language in particular. Moreover, the language of philosophy is not only essentially historical but also necessarily determined by the pragmatic feature of alterity. Such a feature implies that philosophers can properly understand and reasonably adopt a position on a given philosophical issue only if they reflect upon their own and others’ perspectives. Therefore, it is impossible to do philosophy without including other positions previously held in the history of philosophy.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:06 Faculty of Arts > Institute of Philosophy
Dewey Decimal Classification:100 Philosophy
Language:German
Date:2017
Deposited On:12 Mar 2018 18:45
Last Modified:11 May 2022 09:52
Publisher:Schwabe
ISSN:0081-6825
OA Status:Gold
Free access at:Publisher DOI. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.24894/StPh-de.2017.76004
Other Identification Number:978-3-7965-3771-4

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