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Fewer Flops at the Top: Accuracy, Diversity, and Regularization in Two-Class Collaborative Filtering


Paudel, Bibek; Haas, Thilo; Bernstein, Abraham (2017). Fewer Flops at the Top: Accuracy, Diversity, and Regularization in Two-Class Collaborative Filtering. In: 11th ACM Conference on Recommender Systems RecSys 2017, Como, Italy, 27 August 2017 - 31 August 2017, ACM Press.

Abstract

In most existing recommender systems, implicit or explicit interactions are treated as positive links and all unknown interactions are treated as negative links. The goal is to suggest new links that will be perceived as positive by users. However, as signed social networks and newer content services become common, it is important to distinguish between positive and negative preferences. Even in existing applications, the cost of a negative recommendation could be high when people are looking for new jobs, friends, or places to live.
In this work, we develop novel probabilistic latent factor models to recommend positive links and compare them with existing methods on five different openly available datasets. Our models are able to produce better ranking lists and are effective in the task of ranking positive links at the top, with fewer negative links (flops). Moreover, we find that modeling signed social networks and user preferences this way has the advantage of increasing the diversity of recommendations. We also investigate the effect of regularization on the quality of recommendations, a matter that has not received enough attention in the literature. We find that regularization parameter heavily affects the quality of recommendations in terms of both accuracy and diversity.

Abstract

In most existing recommender systems, implicit or explicit interactions are treated as positive links and all unknown interactions are treated as negative links. The goal is to suggest new links that will be perceived as positive by users. However, as signed social networks and newer content services become common, it is important to distinguish between positive and negative preferences. Even in existing applications, the cost of a negative recommendation could be high when people are looking for new jobs, friends, or places to live.
In this work, we develop novel probabilistic latent factor models to recommend positive links and compare them with existing methods on five different openly available datasets. Our models are able to produce better ranking lists and are effective in the task of ranking positive links at the top, with fewer negative links (flops). Moreover, we find that modeling signed social networks and user preferences this way has the advantage of increasing the diversity of recommendations. We also investigate the effect of regularization on the quality of recommendations, a matter that has not received enough attention in the literature. We find that regularization parameter heavily affects the quality of recommendations in terms of both accuracy and diversity.

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Additional indexing

Other titles:I Want to Watch Non-Popcorn Movies Sometimes: Accuracy, Diversity, and Regularization in Probabilistic Latent Factor Models
Item Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Paper), refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:03 Faculty of Economics > Department of Informatics
Dewey Decimal Classification:000 Computer science, knowledge & systems
Scopus Subject Areas:Physical Sciences > Computer Science Applications
Physical Sciences > Control and Systems Engineering
Physical Sciences > Information Systems
Physical Sciences > Software
Language:English
Event End Date:31 August 2017
Deposited On:15 Mar 2018 11:55
Last Modified:10 Feb 2022 08:34
Publisher:ACM Press
Series Name:RecSys
OA Status:Green
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1145/3109859.3109916
Other Identification Number:merlin-id:15001

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