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Same Same but Different: Similarity of Goals and Implicit Motives in Intimate Relationships


Denzinger, Ferdinand; Backes, Sabine; Brandstätter, Veronika (2018). Same Same but Different: Similarity of Goals and Implicit Motives in Intimate Relationships. Motivation Science, 4(1):60-77.

Abstract

Research has evidenced positive effects of dyadic similarity in various characteristics, such as values, attitudes and personality traits. Despite the well-known influence of motivational constructs on the functioning of intimate relationships, the investigation of dyadic similarity in motivational constructs has been neglected so far. We aimed to close this gap and extend existing research on spouses’ similarity in an extensive heterogeneous dyadic data set (N = 368 couples). We investigated the dyadic similarity of life goals and implicit motives, additionally examining relationship duration as an important predictor for similarity. With regard to life goals, results indicated a similarity, but no increase in similarity with longer relationship duration. With regard to implicit motives, our results showed a positive relationship between the similarity in implicit motives and relationship duration. We interpret the results concerning similarity in the context of assortative mating and convergence effects: Individuals choose a partner who has similar life goals at the beginning of their relationship, whereas spouses converge to each other in their implicit motives as they get better acquainted with each other.

Abstract

Research has evidenced positive effects of dyadic similarity in various characteristics, such as values, attitudes and personality traits. Despite the well-known influence of motivational constructs on the functioning of intimate relationships, the investigation of dyadic similarity in motivational constructs has been neglected so far. We aimed to close this gap and extend existing research on spouses’ similarity in an extensive heterogeneous dyadic data set (N = 368 couples). We investigated the dyadic similarity of life goals and implicit motives, additionally examining relationship duration as an important predictor for similarity. With regard to life goals, results indicated a similarity, but no increase in similarity with longer relationship duration. With regard to implicit motives, our results showed a positive relationship between the similarity in implicit motives and relationship duration. We interpret the results concerning similarity in the context of assortative mating and convergence effects: Individuals choose a partner who has similar life goals at the beginning of their relationship, whereas spouses converge to each other in their implicit motives as they get better acquainted with each other.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:06 Faculty of Arts > Institute of Psychology
Dewey Decimal Classification:150 Psychology
Uncontrolled Keywords:DoktoratPsych Erstautor
Date:2018
Deposited On:27 Mar 2018 07:55
Last Modified:31 Jul 2018 06:06
Publisher:American Psychological Association
ISSN:2333-8113
OA Status:Closed
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1037/mot0000064
Project Information:
  • : FunderSNSF
  • : Grant IDCRSI11_133004
  • : Project TitleImpact of Stress on Relationship Development of Couples and Children: A Longitudinal Approach on Dyadic Development Across the Lifespan

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