Carbon isotope compositions of carbonates (δ13Ccarb) document a new 3.5‰ CIE toward lower values concomitant with an Emeishan Large Igneous Province (ELIP)-related drowning event (Mapojiao Event, southern Guizhou) during the early Wuchiapingian. Organic carbon isotope data (δ13Corg) have a 2‰ shift toward higher values across the drowning event, showing decoupling with the δ13Ccarb evolution. Rock-Eval and palynofacies analyses suggest an elevated flux of terrestrial organic matter (OM) during the drowning episode. Therefore, the decoupling between δ13Ccarb and δ13Corg is best explained by the mixing of different organic carbon pools in the δ13Corg curve. Strontium isotope data (87Sr/86Sr) also show a transient shift from 0.70715 to 0.70694 associated with this early Wuchiapingian carbon isotope excursion (CIE), which is superimposed on the late Permian prolonged global rising trend. This short-lived 87Sr/86Sr excursion is best interpreted as an enhanced hydrothermal flux related to a short pulse of ELIP-related volcanism.