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Application of computed tomography for the evaluation of obstetrically relevant measurements in German Holstein-Friesian calves


Becker, M; Heun, C; Tsousis, G; Bollwein, Heiner (2011). Application of computed tomography for the evaluation of obstetrically relevant measurements in German Holstein-Friesian calves. Theriogenology, 75(6):1052-1056.

Abstract

The aim of this study was to measure obstetrically relevant dimensions in calves manually and via computed tomography and to investigate their relationship with the dimensions of fetal body parts that are accessible to the obstetrician during early stages of vaginal delivery. Twenty Holstein-Friesian stillborn calves (Bos taurus) weighing 41.1 ± 3.7 kg (33.6-46.5 kg) were examined and the maximum height (H), width (W), circumference (C) and cross-sectional area (A) of their body was determined. The largest (P < 0.05) one-dimensional variable was the height of the thorax in the region of cranial sternum (H-Thorax; 29.3 ± 1.3 cm), and the largest (P < 0.05) two-dimensional variables were the cross-sectional area of the shoulder region at greater tubercles of the humeri (A-Shoulder; 307 ± 27 cm²) and of the thorax in the region of cranial sternum (A-Thorax; 306 ± 25 cm²). The dimensions of the front legs, which included the circumference of the canon bone and width of the fetlock joint, did not correlate (P > 0.05) with H-Thorax, A-Shoulder and A-Thorax. There were moderate significant correlations between the perpendicular height of the head (H-Head) and A-Thorax (r = 0.65, P < 0.05) and between the circumference of the head (C-Head) and A-Shoulder (r = 0.64, P < 0.05) and A-Thorax (r = 0.52, P < 0.05), but other relationships (P > 0.05) between the dimensions at the level of the head and H-Thorax, A-Shoulder and A-Thorax were not significant (P > 0.05). The results of this study show that the shoulders and thorax are the obstetrically most relevant calf dimensions, but the size of these variables cannot be reliably predicted by evaluating the dimensions of the forelimbs and head of calves during delivery.

Abstract

The aim of this study was to measure obstetrically relevant dimensions in calves manually and via computed tomography and to investigate their relationship with the dimensions of fetal body parts that are accessible to the obstetrician during early stages of vaginal delivery. Twenty Holstein-Friesian stillborn calves (Bos taurus) weighing 41.1 ± 3.7 kg (33.6-46.5 kg) were examined and the maximum height (H), width (W), circumference (C) and cross-sectional area (A) of their body was determined. The largest (P < 0.05) one-dimensional variable was the height of the thorax in the region of cranial sternum (H-Thorax; 29.3 ± 1.3 cm), and the largest (P < 0.05) two-dimensional variables were the cross-sectional area of the shoulder region at greater tubercles of the humeri (A-Shoulder; 307 ± 27 cm²) and of the thorax in the region of cranial sternum (A-Thorax; 306 ± 25 cm²). The dimensions of the front legs, which included the circumference of the canon bone and width of the fetlock joint, did not correlate (P > 0.05) with H-Thorax, A-Shoulder and A-Thorax. There were moderate significant correlations between the perpendicular height of the head (H-Head) and A-Thorax (r = 0.65, P < 0.05) and between the circumference of the head (C-Head) and A-Shoulder (r = 0.64, P < 0.05) and A-Thorax (r = 0.52, P < 0.05), but other relationships (P > 0.05) between the dimensions at the level of the head and H-Thorax, A-Shoulder and A-Thorax were not significant (P > 0.05). The results of this study show that the shoulders and thorax are the obstetrically most relevant calf dimensions, but the size of these variables cannot be reliably predicted by evaluating the dimensions of the forelimbs and head of calves during delivery.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:05 Vetsuisse Faculty > Veterinary Clinic > Department of Farm Animals
Dewey Decimal Classification:570 Life sciences; biology
630 Agriculture
Language:English
Date:2011
Deposited On:03 May 2018 08:03
Last Modified:24 Sep 2019 23:28
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:0093-691X
OA Status:Closed
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.theriogenology.2010.11.013
PubMed ID:21167583

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