Header

UZH-Logo

Maintenance Infos

Ex vivo phagocytic overall performance of neutrophilic granulocytes and the relation to plasma insulin-like growth factor-I concentrations in dairy cows during the transition period


Sander, A K; Piechotta, M; Schlamberger, G; Bollwein, Heiner; Kaske, M; Sipka, A; Schuberth, H J (2011). Ex vivo phagocytic overall performance of neutrophilic granulocytes and the relation to plasma insulin-like growth factor-I concentrations in dairy cows during the transition period. Journal of Dairy Science, 94(4):1762-1771.

Abstract

Impaired function of polymorphonuclear neutrophilic leukocyte (PMNL) during the peripartal period is a major reason for increased susceptibility of dairy cows to infections in this critical interval. Factors dysregulating PMNL function are widely unknown. Insulin-like growth factor (IGF-I) enhanced PMNL functions in vitro. The objective of this study was to investigate the influence of IGF-I and, additionally, β-hydroxybutyrate and nonesterified fatty acid concentrations on phagocytic activity (PA, percentage of viable PMNL) and phagocytic capacity (PC, mean fluorescence intensity of phagocytic PMNL) assessed by flow cytometry. Antepartum (i.e., wk -3, -2, -1; before calving), plasma concentrations of IGF-I were high (80-110 ng/mL) without significant differences between primiparous and pluriparous cows (n=18 and n=41, respectively). Concentrations of IGF-I declined toward the week of calving (wk 1). Postpartum (i.e., wk 2, 3, and 4; after calving), IGF-I remained lower than before parturition, with concentrations higher in primiparous compared with those of pluriparous cows. The PA was constant in primiparous cows throughout the study period. Conversely, PMNL of pluriparous cows had a significantly increased and higher PA in wk 2 and 3 postpartum compared with that of primiparous cows. The PC decreased significantly only in primiparous cows the week of calving, whereas the number of PMNL in primiparous cows exceeded that of pluriparous cows significantly. The phagocytic power (PP, a product of PA by PC), but not the phagocytic overall performance (POP, a product of PA, PC, and PMNL number), differed between primiparous and pluriparous cows in wk 3 postpartum. No significant differences in POP were found, except in wk 4 after calving between the primi- and pluriparous cows. In both groups, POP increased in the week of calving (wk 1). In contrast to β-hydroxybutyrate, which was weakly positive correlated with PA and PP in pluriparous cows in the transition period (wk -3 antepartum to wk 4 postpartum), pluriparous animals had weak negative correlations of PMNL number, PA, PP, POP, and IGF-I concentration in this period. In primiparous animals, only PP and PC were weakly negatively correlated with IGF-I in the transition period. Increased plasma IGF-I concentrations were not associated with enhanced phagocytosis function of bovine blood PMNL ex vivo and, thus, can not be regarded as a suitable predictor for this function.

Abstract

Impaired function of polymorphonuclear neutrophilic leukocyte (PMNL) during the peripartal period is a major reason for increased susceptibility of dairy cows to infections in this critical interval. Factors dysregulating PMNL function are widely unknown. Insulin-like growth factor (IGF-I) enhanced PMNL functions in vitro. The objective of this study was to investigate the influence of IGF-I and, additionally, β-hydroxybutyrate and nonesterified fatty acid concentrations on phagocytic activity (PA, percentage of viable PMNL) and phagocytic capacity (PC, mean fluorescence intensity of phagocytic PMNL) assessed by flow cytometry. Antepartum (i.e., wk -3, -2, -1; before calving), plasma concentrations of IGF-I were high (80-110 ng/mL) without significant differences between primiparous and pluriparous cows (n=18 and n=41, respectively). Concentrations of IGF-I declined toward the week of calving (wk 1). Postpartum (i.e., wk 2, 3, and 4; after calving), IGF-I remained lower than before parturition, with concentrations higher in primiparous compared with those of pluriparous cows. The PA was constant in primiparous cows throughout the study period. Conversely, PMNL of pluriparous cows had a significantly increased and higher PA in wk 2 and 3 postpartum compared with that of primiparous cows. The PC decreased significantly only in primiparous cows the week of calving, whereas the number of PMNL in primiparous cows exceeded that of pluriparous cows significantly. The phagocytic power (PP, a product of PA by PC), but not the phagocytic overall performance (POP, a product of PA, PC, and PMNL number), differed between primiparous and pluriparous cows in wk 3 postpartum. No significant differences in POP were found, except in wk 4 after calving between the primi- and pluriparous cows. In both groups, POP increased in the week of calving (wk 1). In contrast to β-hydroxybutyrate, which was weakly positive correlated with PA and PP in pluriparous cows in the transition period (wk -3 antepartum to wk 4 postpartum), pluriparous animals had weak negative correlations of PMNL number, PA, PP, POP, and IGF-I concentration in this period. In primiparous animals, only PP and PC were weakly negatively correlated with IGF-I in the transition period. Increased plasma IGF-I concentrations were not associated with enhanced phagocytosis function of bovine blood PMNL ex vivo and, thus, can not be regarded as a suitable predictor for this function.

Statistics

Citations

Dimensions.ai Metrics
22 citations in Web of Science®
23 citations in Scopus®
Google Scholar™

Altmetrics

Downloads

0 downloads since deposited on 03 May 2018
0 downloads since 12 months

Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:05 Vetsuisse Faculty > Veterinary Clinic > Department of Farm Animals
Dewey Decimal Classification:570 Life sciences; biology
630 Agriculture
Scopus Subject Areas:Life Sciences > Food Science
Life Sciences > Animal Science and Zoology
Life Sciences > Genetics
Language:English
Date:2011
Deposited On:03 May 2018 08:05
Last Modified:31 Jul 2020 01:48
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:0022-0302
OA Status:Closed
Free access at:Publisher DOI. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.3168/jds.2010-3275
PubMed ID:21426965

Download

Closed Access: Download allowed only for UZH members