Header

UZH-Logo

Maintenance Infos

Testing Measurement Invariance for a Second-Order Factor. A Cross-National Test of the Alienation Scale


Rudnev, Maksim; Lytkina, Ekaterina; Davidov, Eldad; Schmidt, Peter; Zick, Andreas (2018). Testing Measurement Invariance for a Second-Order Factor. A Cross-National Test of the Alienation Scale. MDA - Methoden, Daten, Analysen, 12(1):47-76.

Abstract

Multiple group confirmatory factor analysis has become the most common technique for assessing measurement invariance. However, higher-order factor modeling is less frequently discussed in this context. In particular, the literature provides only very general guidelines for testing measurement invariance of second-order factor models, which is a prerequisite for conducting meaningful comparative research using higher-order factors. The current paper attempts to fill this gap. First, we explicate the constraints required for identification of the invariance levels in a multiple group second-order factor model. Second, in addition to the conventional interpretation of the results of this assessment, we suggest an alternative view on the invariance properties of a second-order factor as evidence of structural rather than measurement invariance. Third, we present an empirical application of the test which builds on Seeman’s alienation scale and utilizes data from eight countries collected in 2008-2009. We found empirical support for metric invariance of both the firstand second-order factors, but no support for scalar invariance of the first- and second-order factors. However, we find pairs of countries where scalar invariance for both the first- and second-order factors is supported by the data. We finalize with a discussion of the results and their interpretation.

Abstract

Multiple group confirmatory factor analysis has become the most common technique for assessing measurement invariance. However, higher-order factor modeling is less frequently discussed in this context. In particular, the literature provides only very general guidelines for testing measurement invariance of second-order factor models, which is a prerequisite for conducting meaningful comparative research using higher-order factors. The current paper attempts to fill this gap. First, we explicate the constraints required for identification of the invariance levels in a multiple group second-order factor model. Second, in addition to the conventional interpretation of the results of this assessment, we suggest an alternative view on the invariance properties of a second-order factor as evidence of structural rather than measurement invariance. Third, we present an empirical application of the test which builds on Seeman’s alienation scale and utilizes data from eight countries collected in 2008-2009. We found empirical support for metric invariance of both the firstand second-order factors, but no support for scalar invariance of the first- and second-order factors. However, we find pairs of countries where scalar invariance for both the first- and second-order factors is supported by the data. We finalize with a discussion of the results and their interpretation.

Statistics

Citations

Dimensions.ai Metrics

Altmetrics

Downloads

18 downloads since deposited on 08 May 2018
13 downloads since 12 months
Detailed statistics

Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:03 Faculty of Economics > Department of Business Administration
06 Faculty of Arts > Institute of Sociology
08 Research Priority Programs > Social Networks
Dewey Decimal Classification:300 Social sciences, sociology & anthropology
Uncontrolled Keywords:higher-order factors, measurement invariance, multiple group confirmatory factor analysis, anomie, Seeman’s alienation scale
Language:English
Date:2018
Deposited On:08 May 2018 15:33
Last Modified:09 May 2018 07:24
Publisher:GESIS - Leibniz-Institut für Sozialwissenschaften
ISSN:1864-6956
OA Status:Green
Free access at:Publisher DOI. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.12758/mda.2017.11

Download

Download PDF  'Testing Measurement Invariance for a Second-Order Factor. A Cross-National Test of the Alienation Scale'.
Preview
Content: Published Version
Language: German
Filetype: PDF
Size: 1MB
View at publisher
Licence: Creative Commons: Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0)