OBJECTIVES Teaching of surgical procedures is of paramount importance. However, it can affect patients outcome. The aim of this study was to evaluate if teaching of hip fracture surgery is an independent predictor for negative in-hospital outcome.
DESIGN AND SETTING Retrospectively, we analyzed all hip fracture patients between 2008 and 2013 recorded in a national quality measurement database (AQC). Inclusion criteria were proximal femoral fracture (ICD-10 diagnostic codes S72.00-S72.11), surgical care of those fracture and a documented teaching status of the intervention. Variables were sought in bivariate and multivariate analyses. Teaching status was entered in multiple regression analysis models for in-hospital death, complications and length of stay while controlling for confounders.
PARTICIPANTS In the 6-year study period, a total of 4397 patients at a mean age of 80 years met the inclusion criteria. Totally, 48% (n = 2107) of the procedures were conducted as teaching interventions. The rest of our examined cases (n = 2290) were conducted as nonteaching procedures.
RESULTS There was no association between teaching and mortality, but complications (odds ratio = 1.3; 95% CI: 1.04-1.5; p = 0.018) and prolonged hospitalization (standardized beta = 0.045, p = 0.002) were more likely to occur in the teaching group while controlling for confounders.
CONCLUSIONS There appears to be no effect of the educational status on the in-hospital death in patients with a proximal femoral fracture. However, teaching was an independent predictor of complications and longer length of stay. Although the differences were significant, the clinical outcome was comparable in both groups, thus justifying the benefits of resident teaching.