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Endovascular treatment of post-thrombotic and non-thrombotic iliofemoral venous outflow obstructions with self-expanding nitinol stents


Stuck, Anna K; Reich, Thomas; Engelberger, Rolf P; Sebastian, Tim; Kucher, Nils (2018). Endovascular treatment of post-thrombotic and non-thrombotic iliofemoral venous outflow obstructions with self-expanding nitinol stents. Vasa, 47(4):319-325.

Abstract

BACKGROUND The aim of the study was to investigate venous patency and clinical outcomes for endovascular treatment of iliofemoral venous obstruction in patients with post-thrombotic syndrome (PTS) and non-thrombotic iliac vein lesion (NIVL) with dedicated self-expanding nitinol stents. PATIENTS AND METHODS Data were collected from the prospective Swiss Venous Stent Registry, enrolling consecutive patients with a standardized follow-up procedure since January 2008. Patency was evaluated by duplex sonography and clinical outcome by various scores including the Villalta score at baseline, three, six, and 12 months, and then annually after endovascular therapy. RESULTS Overall, 93 patients (64 PTS, 29 NIVL) were analysed. Mean follow-up time was 20 ± 16 (range 3-70) months. A total of 11 (12 %) patients had a stent occlusion, all of which occurred in the PTS group, and 13 (14 %) patients had a symptomatic stent stenosis. Primary patency was 79 % (95 % CI 68-87 %) at 12 months and 72 % (95 % CI 59-82 %) at 24 months. In PTS patients, primary patency at 12 months was 75 % (95 % CI 61-84 %) vs. 89 % (95 % CI 63-97 %) in NIVL patients (p = 0.10). Secondary patency at 24 months was 94 % (95 % CI 84-98 %) in PTS and 100 % in NIVL, p = 0.19). Overall, 62 (67 %) patients were free from PTS at the latest follow-up with a Villalta score < 5 points. Predictive factors for the loss of primary patency were stents placed below the inguinal ligament (OR 2.59, 95 % CI, 0.99-6.84, p = 0.05). CONCLUSIONS In symptomatic patients with chronic iliofemoral vein obstruction, endovascular therapy with self-expanding nitinol stents was associated with favourable patency rates and clinical improvement in the majority of patients.

Abstract

BACKGROUND The aim of the study was to investigate venous patency and clinical outcomes for endovascular treatment of iliofemoral venous obstruction in patients with post-thrombotic syndrome (PTS) and non-thrombotic iliac vein lesion (NIVL) with dedicated self-expanding nitinol stents. PATIENTS AND METHODS Data were collected from the prospective Swiss Venous Stent Registry, enrolling consecutive patients with a standardized follow-up procedure since January 2008. Patency was evaluated by duplex sonography and clinical outcome by various scores including the Villalta score at baseline, three, six, and 12 months, and then annually after endovascular therapy. RESULTS Overall, 93 patients (64 PTS, 29 NIVL) were analysed. Mean follow-up time was 20 ± 16 (range 3-70) months. A total of 11 (12 %) patients had a stent occlusion, all of which occurred in the PTS group, and 13 (14 %) patients had a symptomatic stent stenosis. Primary patency was 79 % (95 % CI 68-87 %) at 12 months and 72 % (95 % CI 59-82 %) at 24 months. In PTS patients, primary patency at 12 months was 75 % (95 % CI 61-84 %) vs. 89 % (95 % CI 63-97 %) in NIVL patients (p = 0.10). Secondary patency at 24 months was 94 % (95 % CI 84-98 %) in PTS and 100 % in NIVL, p = 0.19). Overall, 62 (67 %) patients were free from PTS at the latest follow-up with a Villalta score < 5 points. Predictive factors for the loss of primary patency were stents placed below the inguinal ligament (OR 2.59, 95 % CI, 0.99-6.84, p = 0.05). CONCLUSIONS In symptomatic patients with chronic iliofemoral vein obstruction, endovascular therapy with self-expanding nitinol stents was associated with favourable patency rates and clinical improvement in the majority of patients.

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Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Angiology
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Uncontrolled Keywords:Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
Language:English
Date:7 March 2018
Deposited On:09 May 2018 15:37
Last Modified:19 Aug 2018 15:39
Publisher:Hogrefe Verlag
ISSN:0301-1526
OA Status:Closed
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1024/0301-1526/a000697
PubMed ID:29512422

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