Header

UZH-Logo

Maintenance Infos

Sensitivities of in vivo markers of arterial organ damage in patients with peripheral atherosclerosis


Frick, Martina; Baumann, Frederic; Sick, Beate; Wilkinson, Ian B; Amann-Vesti, Beatrice; Husmann, Marc (2018). Sensitivities of in vivo markers of arterial organ damage in patients with peripheral atherosclerosis. Vasa, 47(1):30-35.

Abstract

BACKGROUND Biomarkers of vascular diseases such as ankle-brachial index (ABI), peripheral pulse pressure (pPP), central pulse pressure (cPP), and pulse wave velocity (PWV) allow assessment of arterial organ damage (AOD). However, the utility of markers other than ABI in patients with peripheral arterial disease (PAD), which are also associated with a significant increase of cardiovascular events, remains unclear. PATIENTS AND METHODS Asymptomatic (n = 21) and symptomatic patients (n = 46) with a positive sonography for PAD or history of lower limb revascularization were included. ABI, pPP, cPP, and PWV were assessed. PWV were performed using a brachial cuff-based method (aortic PWV (aPWV)) and oscillography (carotid-femoral pulse wave velocity (cfPWV)), respectively. The two methods for PWV were compared using Bland Altman analysis. Sensitivities of ABI, pPP, cPP, cfPWV, and aPWV for AOD were calculated. RESULTS Sixty-seven patients (35.8 % female, mean age 69, range 39-91 years) had a significantly higher aPWV than cfPWV (median 10.5 m/s (IQR: 8.8-12.65 m/s) vs. median 9.0 m/s (IQR: 7.57-10.55 m/s), p = 0.0013). There was no correlation between cfPWV and age (r = 0.311, p = 0.116). Bland Altman analysis revealed a mean difference of -1.04 (-2SD; -6.38 to + 2SD; 4.31). The sensitivities for AOD were 68.7 % for ABI, 61.2 % for aPWV, 40.3 % for cfPWV, 31.3 % for peripheral PP, and 10.4 % for central aortic PP (p < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS Brachial-derived aPWV differs from the gold standard assessment (cfPWV), which may be underestimated in PAD due to atherosclerotic obstructions along the aorto-iliac segment. The sensitivities of noninvasive in vivo markers of AOD vary widely and tend to underestimate the actual presence of AOD.

Abstract

BACKGROUND Biomarkers of vascular diseases such as ankle-brachial index (ABI), peripheral pulse pressure (pPP), central pulse pressure (cPP), and pulse wave velocity (PWV) allow assessment of arterial organ damage (AOD). However, the utility of markers other than ABI in patients with peripheral arterial disease (PAD), which are also associated with a significant increase of cardiovascular events, remains unclear. PATIENTS AND METHODS Asymptomatic (n = 21) and symptomatic patients (n = 46) with a positive sonography for PAD or history of lower limb revascularization were included. ABI, pPP, cPP, and PWV were assessed. PWV were performed using a brachial cuff-based method (aortic PWV (aPWV)) and oscillography (carotid-femoral pulse wave velocity (cfPWV)), respectively. The two methods for PWV were compared using Bland Altman analysis. Sensitivities of ABI, pPP, cPP, cfPWV, and aPWV for AOD were calculated. RESULTS Sixty-seven patients (35.8 % female, mean age 69, range 39-91 years) had a significantly higher aPWV than cfPWV (median 10.5 m/s (IQR: 8.8-12.65 m/s) vs. median 9.0 m/s (IQR: 7.57-10.55 m/s), p = 0.0013). There was no correlation between cfPWV and age (r = 0.311, p = 0.116). Bland Altman analysis revealed a mean difference of -1.04 (-2SD; -6.38 to + 2SD; 4.31). The sensitivities for AOD were 68.7 % for ABI, 61.2 % for aPWV, 40.3 % for cfPWV, 31.3 % for peripheral PP, and 10.4 % for central aortic PP (p < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS Brachial-derived aPWV differs from the gold standard assessment (cfPWV), which may be underestimated in PAD due to atherosclerotic obstructions along the aorto-iliac segment. The sensitivities of noninvasive in vivo markers of AOD vary widely and tend to underestimate the actual presence of AOD.

Statistics

Citations

Dimensions.ai Metrics
1 citation in Web of Science®
1 citation in Scopus®
Google Scholar™

Altmetrics

Downloads

31 downloads since deposited on 09 May 2018
28 downloads since 12 months
Detailed statistics

Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Angiology
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Uncontrolled Keywords:Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
Language:English
Date:January 2018
Deposited On:09 May 2018 14:50
Last Modified:20 Sep 2018 04:32
Publisher:Hogrefe Verlag
ISSN:0301-1526
OA Status:Green
Free access at:Publisher DOI. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1024/0301-1526/a000664
PubMed ID:28980510

Download

Download PDF  'Sensitivities of in vivo markers of arterial organ damage in patients with peripheral atherosclerosis'.
Preview
Content: Published Version
Filetype: PDF
Size: 138kB
View at publisher