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Comprehensive morphologic and functional imaging of heart transplant patients: first experience with dynamic perfusion CT


Oebel, S; Hamada, S; Higashigaito, K; von Spiczak, J; Klotz, E; Enseleit, F; Hinzpeter, R; Ruschitzka, F; Manka, R; Alkadhi, H (2018). Comprehensive morphologic and functional imaging of heart transplant patients: first experience with dynamic perfusion CT. European Radiology, 28(10):4111-4121.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES We aimed to assess the diagnostic performance of a combined protocol with coronary computed tomography angiography (CCTA) and stress CT perfusion imaging (CTP) in heart transplant patients for comprehensive morphological and functional imaging. METHODS In this prospective study, 13 patients undergoing routine follow-up 8±6 years after heart transplantation underwent CCTA and dynamic adenosine stress CTP using a third-generation dual-source CT scanner, cardiac magnetic resonance (MR) adenosine stress perfusion imaging at 1.5 T, and catheter coronary angiography. In CCTA stenoses >50% luminal diameter narrowing were noted. Myocardial perfusion deficits were documented in CTP and MR. Quantitative myocardial blood flow (MBF) was calculated with CTP. Left ventricular ejection fraction was determined on cardiac MR cine images. Radiation doses of CT were determined. RESULTS One of the 13 patients had to be excluded because of severe motion artifacts. CCTA identified three patients with stenosis >50%, which were confirmed with catheter coronary angiography. CTP showed four patients with stress-induced myocardial hypoperfusion, which were confirmed by MR stress perfusion imaging. Quantitative analysis of global MBF showed lower mean values as compared to known reference values (MBF under stress 125.5 ± 34.5 ml/100 ml/min). Average left ventricular ejection fraction was preserved (56 ± 5%). CONCLUSIONS In heart transplant patients, a comprehensive CT protocol for the assessment of morphology and function including CCTA and CTP showed good concordance to results from MR perfusion imaging and catheter coronary angiography. KEY POINTS • Stress CT perfusion imaging enables the detection of myocardial ischemia • CT myocardial perfusion imaging can be combined with coronary computed tomography angiography • Combining perfusion and coronary CT imaging is accurate in heart transplant patients • CT myocardial perfusion imaging can be performed at a reasonable radiation dose.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES We aimed to assess the diagnostic performance of a combined protocol with coronary computed tomography angiography (CCTA) and stress CT perfusion imaging (CTP) in heart transplant patients for comprehensive morphological and functional imaging. METHODS In this prospective study, 13 patients undergoing routine follow-up 8±6 years after heart transplantation underwent CCTA and dynamic adenosine stress CTP using a third-generation dual-source CT scanner, cardiac magnetic resonance (MR) adenosine stress perfusion imaging at 1.5 T, and catheter coronary angiography. In CCTA stenoses >50% luminal diameter narrowing were noted. Myocardial perfusion deficits were documented in CTP and MR. Quantitative myocardial blood flow (MBF) was calculated with CTP. Left ventricular ejection fraction was determined on cardiac MR cine images. Radiation doses of CT were determined. RESULTS One of the 13 patients had to be excluded because of severe motion artifacts. CCTA identified three patients with stenosis >50%, which were confirmed with catheter coronary angiography. CTP showed four patients with stress-induced myocardial hypoperfusion, which were confirmed by MR stress perfusion imaging. Quantitative analysis of global MBF showed lower mean values as compared to known reference values (MBF under stress 125.5 ± 34.5 ml/100 ml/min). Average left ventricular ejection fraction was preserved (56 ± 5%). CONCLUSIONS In heart transplant patients, a comprehensive CT protocol for the assessment of morphology and function including CCTA and CTP showed good concordance to results from MR perfusion imaging and catheter coronary angiography. KEY POINTS • Stress CT perfusion imaging enables the detection of myocardial ischemia • CT myocardial perfusion imaging can be combined with coronary computed tomography angiography • Combining perfusion and coronary CT imaging is accurate in heart transplant patients • CT myocardial perfusion imaging can be performed at a reasonable radiation dose.

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Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology
04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Cardiology
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:30 April 2018
Deposited On:22 May 2018 15:05
Last Modified:22 Jan 2019 10:11
Publisher:Springer
ISSN:0938-7994
OA Status:Closed
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1007/s00330-018-5436-9
PubMed ID:29713770

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