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Do surgical modifications at the annular level during the Ross procedure negatively influence the structural and functional durability of the autograft?


Lögers, Anja; Rosser, Barbara; Seifert, Burkhardt; Kretschmar, Oliver; Hübler, Michael; Prêtre, René; Ben Mime, Lotfi (2018). Do surgical modifications at the annular level during the Ross procedure negatively influence the structural and functional durability of the autograft? Interactive Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery, 27(5):642-649.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES Do surgical modifications at the annular level (e.g. the modified Ross-Konno procedure or reduction plasty) influence the structure and function of the Ross autograft at the mid-term follow-up? METHODS From June 2001 to July 2009, 49 patients (37 men and 12 women), mean age 10.5 ± 5.7 years (range 2 weeks to 17.8 years), underwent Ross operations. Twenty-one patients underwent additional aortic annulus reduction plasty and 9 patients a modified Ross-Konno procedure. The need for reintervention, reoperation and valve function were retrospectively analysed for a mean follow-up of 4.6 ± 2.7 years (range 9 days to 9.2 years). RESULTS There were no intraoperative or early death. Three late deaths occurred. Survival at 4 years was 91.9 ± 4.6%. In the overall cohort, aortic annular growth was 1 mm/year, corresponding to a z-score increase of 0.24/year (no mismatch group), 0.21/year (reduction plasty group) and 0.34/year (Ross-Konno group). At the last follow-up, sinotubular junction z-scores were 2.8 ± 1, 3 ± 1 and 2.4 ± 0.9 in the no mismatch, reduction plasty, and Ross-Konno groups, respectively. Ninety-three percent of patients presented with none-to-mild autograft valve regurgitation. The Ross-Konno group showed a significant increase in aortic annulus size (z-score of the annulus at the last follow-up 3.6 ± 1.6; P = 0.036). The no mismatch and the reduction plasty groups showed z-scores within the normal range (2.1 ± 1.7 and 2.5 ± 1.6, respectively). CONCLUSIONS Additional aortic annulus reduction or enlargement does not disturb the structural and functional durability of the autograft at the mid-term follow-up. Long-term autograft integrity, especially in the Ross-Konno group, remains to be investigated.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES Do surgical modifications at the annular level (e.g. the modified Ross-Konno procedure or reduction plasty) influence the structure and function of the Ross autograft at the mid-term follow-up? METHODS From June 2001 to July 2009, 49 patients (37 men and 12 women), mean age 10.5 ± 5.7 years (range 2 weeks to 17.8 years), underwent Ross operations. Twenty-one patients underwent additional aortic annulus reduction plasty and 9 patients a modified Ross-Konno procedure. The need for reintervention, reoperation and valve function were retrospectively analysed for a mean follow-up of 4.6 ± 2.7 years (range 9 days to 9.2 years). RESULTS There were no intraoperative or early death. Three late deaths occurred. Survival at 4 years was 91.9 ± 4.6%. In the overall cohort, aortic annular growth was 1 mm/year, corresponding to a z-score increase of 0.24/year (no mismatch group), 0.21/year (reduction plasty group) and 0.34/year (Ross-Konno group). At the last follow-up, sinotubular junction z-scores were 2.8 ± 1, 3 ± 1 and 2.4 ± 0.9 in the no mismatch, reduction plasty, and Ross-Konno groups, respectively. Ninety-three percent of patients presented with none-to-mild autograft valve regurgitation. The Ross-Konno group showed a significant increase in aortic annulus size (z-score of the annulus at the last follow-up 3.6 ± 1.6; P = 0.036). The no mismatch and the reduction plasty groups showed z-scores within the normal range (2.1 ± 1.7 and 2.5 ± 1.6, respectively). CONCLUSIONS Additional aortic annulus reduction or enlargement does not disturb the structural and functional durability of the autograft at the mid-term follow-up. Long-term autograft integrity, especially in the Ross-Konno group, remains to be investigated.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Children's Hospital Zurich > Medical Clinic
04 Faculty of Medicine > Epidemiology, Biostatistics and Prevention Institute (EBPI)
04 Faculty of Medicine > University Children's Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Surgery
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:1 November 2018
Deposited On:24 May 2018 07:51
Last Modified:27 Oct 2018 01:02
Publisher:Oxford University Press
ISSN:1569-9285
OA Status:Closed
Free access at:Publisher DOI. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1093/icvts/ivy135
PubMed ID:29771343

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