Header

UZH-Logo

Maintenance Infos

MEK inhibition may increase survival of NRAS-mutated melanoma patients treated with checkpoint blockade: Results of a retrospective multicentre analysis of 364 patients


Kirchberger, Michael Constantin; Ugurel, Selma; Mangana, Johanna; Heppt, Markus Valentin; Eigentler, Thomas Kurt; Berking, Carola; Schadendorf, Dirk; Schuler, Gerold; Dummer, Reinhard; Heinzerling, Lucie (2018). MEK inhibition may increase survival of NRAS-mutated melanoma patients treated with checkpoint blockade: Results of a retrospective multicentre analysis of 364 patients. European Journal of Cancer, 98:10-16.

Abstract

BACKGROUND Melanoma harbours genetic alterations in genes such as BRAF, NRAS and KIT. Activating NRAS mutations are present in about 20% of melanomas. Even though BRAF mutations can be effectively targeted with specific inhibitors, this approach has proven more challenging in cases of NRAS mutations. Previous reports suggested that immunotherapy might be more successful in NRAS-mutated compared to BRAF-mutated or BRAF/NRAS wildtype melanoma. PATIENTS AND METHODS In this study, overall survival and response to anti-PD-1 (nivolumab, pembrolizumab) and anti-CTLA-4 (ipilimumab) therapy of 364 patients with metastatic melanoma were assessed comparing 236 NRAS-mutated patients with 128 NRAS wildtype patients. Subtyping of NRAS mutation in 211 cases revealed 12 different genotypes of which Q61 mutations were predominant (95%). RESULTS Patients with NRAS mutant melanoma showed similar response rates to checkpoint inhibitor therapy compared to NRAS wildtype patients with 15% versus 13% for ipilimumab (P = 0.731), 21% versus 13% for anti-PD-1 monotherapy (P = 0.210) and 40% versus 39% for ipilimumab and anti-PD-1 therapy in combination or sequence (P = 0.859). Nevertheless, median overall survival of patients with NRAS mutant melanoma was significantly lower with 21 months compared to 33 months in NRAS wildtype melanoma patients (P = 0.034). Therapy with oral MEK inhibitors before or after checkpoint inhibitor therapy showed a trend toward a survival benefit in patients with NRAS mutant melanoma. CONCLUSIONS Immune checkpoint inhibition shows comparable response rates in NRAS-mutated and NRAS wildtype melanoma even though survival is less favourable in case of NRAS mutation. Additional MEK inhibition might improve clinical benefit.

Abstract

BACKGROUND Melanoma harbours genetic alterations in genes such as BRAF, NRAS and KIT. Activating NRAS mutations are present in about 20% of melanomas. Even though BRAF mutations can be effectively targeted with specific inhibitors, this approach has proven more challenging in cases of NRAS mutations. Previous reports suggested that immunotherapy might be more successful in NRAS-mutated compared to BRAF-mutated or BRAF/NRAS wildtype melanoma. PATIENTS AND METHODS In this study, overall survival and response to anti-PD-1 (nivolumab, pembrolizumab) and anti-CTLA-4 (ipilimumab) therapy of 364 patients with metastatic melanoma were assessed comparing 236 NRAS-mutated patients with 128 NRAS wildtype patients. Subtyping of NRAS mutation in 211 cases revealed 12 different genotypes of which Q61 mutations were predominant (95%). RESULTS Patients with NRAS mutant melanoma showed similar response rates to checkpoint inhibitor therapy compared to NRAS wildtype patients with 15% versus 13% for ipilimumab (P = 0.731), 21% versus 13% for anti-PD-1 monotherapy (P = 0.210) and 40% versus 39% for ipilimumab and anti-PD-1 therapy in combination or sequence (P = 0.859). Nevertheless, median overall survival of patients with NRAS mutant melanoma was significantly lower with 21 months compared to 33 months in NRAS wildtype melanoma patients (P = 0.034). Therapy with oral MEK inhibitors before or after checkpoint inhibitor therapy showed a trend toward a survival benefit in patients with NRAS mutant melanoma. CONCLUSIONS Immune checkpoint inhibition shows comparable response rates in NRAS-mutated and NRAS wildtype melanoma even though survival is less favourable in case of NRAS mutation. Additional MEK inhibition might improve clinical benefit.

Statistics

Citations

Dimensions.ai Metrics
8 citations in Web of Science®
9 citations in Scopus®
Google Scholar™

Altmetrics

Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Dermatology Clinic
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Uncontrolled Keywords:Cancer Research, Oncology
Language:English
Date:2018
Deposited On:29 May 2018 14:29
Last Modified:13 Sep 2018 03:11
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:0959-8049
OA Status:Closed
Free access at:Publisher DOI. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ejca.2018.04.010
PubMed ID:29843107

Download

Full text not available from this repository.
View at publisher

Get full-text in a library