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Cooperative hand movements: task-dependent modulation of ipsi- and contralateral cortical control


Schrafl-Altermatt, Miriam; Easthope, Christopher S (2018). Cooperative hand movements: task-dependent modulation of ipsi- and contralateral cortical control. Physiological Reports, 6(10):e13581.

Abstract

Cooperative hand movements are known to be controlled by a task-specific neural coupling associated with an involvement of the respective ipsilateral hemispheres. The aim of this study was to explore in how far this neural control applies to and is modulated during various, fine and gross, cooperative hand movements required during activities of daily living. Somatosensory evoked potentials and contralateral electromyographic reflex responses to unilateral ulnar nerve stimulation were simultaneously recorded in healthy participants during three different cooperative hand movement tasks and a resting condition. Amplitude ratio (ipsi-/contralateral) of the somatosensory evoked potentials, which is a measure for the involvement of the ipsilateral hemisphere in movement control, was higher in all three movement tasks compared to resting. This ratio was highest during the fine cooperative movement studied here. Contralateral reflex responses, as a measure for the functional coupling of the arms, were elicited following stimulation of both arms during gross cooperative movements. However, such a response could only be elicited in the dominant arm during fine movement. It is concluded that the neural coupling and thus enhancement of ipsilateral cortical control is preserved through different cooperative hand movement tasks, independently whether fine or gross motor tasks are performed. However, modulation of cortical control can be observed as ipsilateral cortical control is stronger during fine movements and functional coupling of the arms more focused to the dominant hand compared to gross cooperative tasks.

Abstract

Cooperative hand movements are known to be controlled by a task-specific neural coupling associated with an involvement of the respective ipsilateral hemispheres. The aim of this study was to explore in how far this neural control applies to and is modulated during various, fine and gross, cooperative hand movements required during activities of daily living. Somatosensory evoked potentials and contralateral electromyographic reflex responses to unilateral ulnar nerve stimulation were simultaneously recorded in healthy participants during three different cooperative hand movement tasks and a resting condition. Amplitude ratio (ipsi-/contralateral) of the somatosensory evoked potentials, which is a measure for the involvement of the ipsilateral hemisphere in movement control, was higher in all three movement tasks compared to resting. This ratio was highest during the fine cooperative movement studied here. Contralateral reflex responses, as a measure for the functional coupling of the arms, were elicited following stimulation of both arms during gross cooperative movements. However, such a response could only be elicited in the dominant arm during fine movement. It is concluded that the neural coupling and thus enhancement of ipsilateral cortical control is preserved through different cooperative hand movement tasks, independently whether fine or gross motor tasks are performed. However, modulation of cortical control can be observed as ipsilateral cortical control is stronger during fine movements and functional coupling of the arms more focused to the dominant hand compared to gross cooperative tasks.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Balgrist University Hospital, Swiss Spinal Cord Injury Center
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:May 2018
Deposited On:07 Jun 2018 10:00
Last Modified:24 Sep 2019 23:30
Publisher:Wiley Open Access
ISSN:2051-817X
OA Status:Gold
Free access at:PubMed ID. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.14814/phy2.13581
PubMed ID:29845769

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