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Studying and modifying brain function with non-invasive brain stimulation


Polania, Rafael; Nitsche, Michael A; Ruff, Christian C (2018). Studying and modifying brain function with non-invasive brain stimulation. Nature Neuroscience, 21(2):174-187.

Abstract

In the past three decades, our understanding of brain–behavior relationships has been significantly shaped by research using non-invasive brain stimulation (NIBS) techniques. These methods allow non-invasive and safe modulation of neural processes in the healthy brain, enabling researchers to directly study how experimentally altered neural activity causally affects behavior. This unique property of NIBS methods has, on the one hand, led to groundbreaking findings on the brain basis of various aspects of behavior and has raised interest in possible clinical and practical applications of these methods. On the other hand, it has also triggered increasingly critical debates about the properties and possible limitations of these methods. In this review, we discuss these issues, clarify the challenges associated with the use of currently available NIBS techniques for basic research and practical applications, and provide recommendations for studies using NIBS techniques to establish brain–behavior relationships.

Abstract

In the past three decades, our understanding of brain–behavior relationships has been significantly shaped by research using non-invasive brain stimulation (NIBS) techniques. These methods allow non-invasive and safe modulation of neural processes in the healthy brain, enabling researchers to directly study how experimentally altered neural activity causally affects behavior. This unique property of NIBS methods has, on the one hand, led to groundbreaking findings on the brain basis of various aspects of behavior and has raised interest in possible clinical and practical applications of these methods. On the other hand, it has also triggered increasingly critical debates about the properties and possible limitations of these methods. In this review, we discuss these issues, clarify the challenges associated with the use of currently available NIBS techniques for basic research and practical applications, and provide recommendations for studies using NIBS techniques to establish brain–behavior relationships.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:03 Faculty of Economics > Department of Economics
Dewey Decimal Classification:330 Economics
Scopus Subject Areas:Life Sciences > General Neuroscience
Uncontrolled Keywords:Cognitive neuroscience, experimental models of disease, neurological disorders, psychiatric disorders
Language:English
Date:February 2018
Deposited On:06 Jun 2018 10:24
Last Modified:29 Jul 2020 07:19
Publisher:Nature Publishing Group
ISSN:1097-6256
OA Status:Green
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1038/s41593-017-0054-4

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