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Randomized controlled clinical study assessing two membranes for guided bone regeneration of peri-implant bone defects: 3-year results


Basler, Tobias; Naenni, Nadja; Schneider, David; Hämmerle, Christoph H F; Jung, Ronald E; Thoma, Daniel S (2018). Randomized controlled clinical study assessing two membranes for guided bone regeneration of peri-implant bone defects: 3-year results. Clinical Oral Implants Research, 29(5):499-507.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES To assess two- and three-dimensional changes of the peri-implant tissues as well as clinical, biological, and radiological outcomes of implants having been treated with resorbable or nonresorbable membranes at 3 years. MATERIALS AND METHODS Twenty-three patients were re-examined after having received a single-tooth implant in the esthetic zone in conjunction with guided bone regeneration (GBR) using either a resorbable (RES) or a titanium-reinforced nonresorbable membrane (N-RES) and demineralized bovine bone mineral. Volumetric and linear as well as clinical and radiographic measurements were performed at crown insertion (baseline), at 1 year (FU-1) and 3 years (FU-3). Statistics were performed by means of parametric and nonparametric tests. RESULTS Minor, but ongoing buccal volume loss was observed in both groups during the 3-year follow-up. A slightly higher volume loss was observed in group RES (-0.22 mm) compared to N-RES (-0.14 mm) at 1 year (FU-1), but aligned at 3 years (FU-3) RES (-0.30 mm) N-RES (-0.32 mm). All changes over time were statistically significantly different within (p < .05), but not between the groups (p > .05). Stable median interproximal bone levels after 3 years (FU-3); 0.26 mm (0.04; 0.36) (RES) and 0.14 mm (0.08; 0.20) (N-RES) and healthy tissues (BOP, PD) were obtained with both membranes. CONCLUSIONS Both treatment modalities resulted in minor, but ongoing contour changes of the peri-implant tissues. Stable interproximal bone levels and healthy tissues can be obtained with membranes up to 3 years.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES To assess two- and three-dimensional changes of the peri-implant tissues as well as clinical, biological, and radiological outcomes of implants having been treated with resorbable or nonresorbable membranes at 3 years. MATERIALS AND METHODS Twenty-three patients were re-examined after having received a single-tooth implant in the esthetic zone in conjunction with guided bone regeneration (GBR) using either a resorbable (RES) or a titanium-reinforced nonresorbable membrane (N-RES) and demineralized bovine bone mineral. Volumetric and linear as well as clinical and radiographic measurements were performed at crown insertion (baseline), at 1 year (FU-1) and 3 years (FU-3). Statistics were performed by means of parametric and nonparametric tests. RESULTS Minor, but ongoing buccal volume loss was observed in both groups during the 3-year follow-up. A slightly higher volume loss was observed in group RES (-0.22 mm) compared to N-RES (-0.14 mm) at 1 year (FU-1), but aligned at 3 years (FU-3) RES (-0.30 mm) N-RES (-0.32 mm). All changes over time were statistically significantly different within (p < .05), but not between the groups (p > .05). Stable median interproximal bone levels after 3 years (FU-3); 0.26 mm (0.04; 0.36) (RES) and 0.14 mm (0.08; 0.20) (N-RES) and healthy tissues (BOP, PD) were obtained with both membranes. CONCLUSIONS Both treatment modalities resulted in minor, but ongoing contour changes of the peri-implant tissues. Stable interproximal bone levels and healthy tissues can be obtained with membranes up to 3 years.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Center for Dental Medicine > Clinic for Fixed and Removable Prosthodontics
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Uncontrolled Keywords:Oral Surgery
Language:English
Date:May 2018
Deposited On:04 Jul 2018 12:09
Last Modified:19 Aug 2018 16:06
Publisher:Wiley-Blackwell Publishing, Inc.
ISSN:0905-7161
OA Status:Closed
Free access at:Publisher DOI. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1111/clr.13147
PubMed ID:29656495

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