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The elevation of circulating fibroblast growth factor 23 without kidney disease does not increase cardiovascular disease risk


Pastor-Arroyo, Eva-Maria; Gehring, Nicole; Krudewig, Christiane; Costantino, Sarah; Bettoni, Carla; Knöpfel, Thomas; Sabrautzki, Sibylle; Lorenz-Depiereux, Bettina; Pastor, Johanne; Strom, Tim M; Hrabě de Angelis, Martin; Camici, Giovanni G; Paneni, Francesco; Wagner, Carsten A; Rubio-Aliaga, Isabel (2018). The elevation of circulating fibroblast growth factor 23 without kidney disease does not increase cardiovascular disease risk. Kidney International, 94(1):49-59.

Abstract

High circulating fibroblast growth factor 23 (FGF23) levels are probably a major risk factor for cardiovascular disease in chronic kidney disease. FGF23 interacts with the receptor FGFR4 in cardiomyocytes inducing left ventricular hypertrophy. Moreover, in the liver FGF23 via FGFR4 increases the risk of inflammation which is also found in chronic kidney disease. In contrast, X-linked hypophosphatemia is characterized by high FGF23 circulating levels due to loss of function mutations of the phosphate-regulating gene with homologies to an endopeptidase on the X chromosome (PHEX), but is not characterized by high cardiovascular morbidity. Here we used a novel murine X-linked hypophosphatemia model, the PhexC733RMhda mouse line, bearing an amino acid substitution (p.Cys733Arg) to test whether high circulating FGF23 in the absence of renal injury would trigger cardiovascular disease. As X-linked hypophosphatemia patient mimics, these mice show high FGF23 levels, hypophosphatemia, normocalcemia, and low/normal vitamin D levels. Moreover, these mice show hyperparathyroidism and low circulating soluble αKlotho levels. At the age of 27 weeks we found no left ventricular hypertrophy and no alteration of cardiac function as assessed by echocardiography. These mice also showed no activation of the calcineurin/NFAT pathway in heart and liver and no tissue and systemic signs of inflammation. Importantly, blood pressure, glomerular filtration rate and urea clearance were similar between genotypes. Thus, the presence of high circulating FGF23 levels alone in the absence of renal impairment and normal/high phosphate levels is not sufficient to cause cardiovascular disease.

Abstract

High circulating fibroblast growth factor 23 (FGF23) levels are probably a major risk factor for cardiovascular disease in chronic kidney disease. FGF23 interacts with the receptor FGFR4 in cardiomyocytes inducing left ventricular hypertrophy. Moreover, in the liver FGF23 via FGFR4 increases the risk of inflammation which is also found in chronic kidney disease. In contrast, X-linked hypophosphatemia is characterized by high FGF23 circulating levels due to loss of function mutations of the phosphate-regulating gene with homologies to an endopeptidase on the X chromosome (PHEX), but is not characterized by high cardiovascular morbidity. Here we used a novel murine X-linked hypophosphatemia model, the PhexC733RMhda mouse line, bearing an amino acid substitution (p.Cys733Arg) to test whether high circulating FGF23 in the absence of renal injury would trigger cardiovascular disease. As X-linked hypophosphatemia patient mimics, these mice show high FGF23 levels, hypophosphatemia, normocalcemia, and low/normal vitamin D levels. Moreover, these mice show hyperparathyroidism and low circulating soluble αKlotho levels. At the age of 27 weeks we found no left ventricular hypertrophy and no alteration of cardiac function as assessed by echocardiography. These mice also showed no activation of the calcineurin/NFAT pathway in heart and liver and no tissue and systemic signs of inflammation. Importantly, blood pressure, glomerular filtration rate and urea clearance were similar between genotypes. Thus, the presence of high circulating FGF23 levels alone in the absence of renal impairment and normal/high phosphate levels is not sufficient to cause cardiovascular disease.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Institute of Physiology
07 Faculty of Science > Institute of Physiology

05 Vetsuisse Faculty > Institute of Veterinary Physiology
05 Vetsuisse Faculty > Institute of Veterinary Pathology
04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Cardiology
Dewey Decimal Classification:570 Life sciences; biology
Uncontrolled Keywords:FGF23, cardiovascular disease, chronic kidney disease, phosphate
Language:English
Date:2018
Deposited On:25 Jul 2018 15:16
Last Modified:04 Sep 2018 10:41
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:0085-2538
OA Status:Closed
Free access at:Publisher DOI. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.kint.2018.02.017
PubMed ID:29735309

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