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Management of thyroid cytological material, preanalytical procedures and bio-banking


Bode-Lesniewska, B; Cochand-Priollet, B; Straccia, P; Fadda, G; Bongiovanni, M (2019). Management of thyroid cytological material, preanalytical procedures and bio-banking. Cytopathology, 30(1):7-16.

Abstract

Thyroid nodules are common and are increasingly detected due to recent advances in imaging techniques. However, clinically relevant thyroid cancer is rare and the mortality from aggressive thyroid cancer remains constant. Fine needle aspiration cytology (FNAC) is a standard method for diagnosing thyroid malignancy and the discrimination of malignant nodules from goitre. As the examined nodules on thyroid FNAC are often small incidental findings, it is important to maintain a low rate of undetermined diagnoses requiring further clinical work up or surgery. The most important factors determining the accuracy of the cytological diagnosis and suitability for biobanking of thyroid FNACs are the quality of the sample and availability of adequate tissue for auxiliary studies. This article discusses technical aspects (preanalytics) of performing thyroid FNAC, including image guidance and rapid on-site evaluation, sample collection methods (conventional slides, liquid-based methods, cell blocks) and storage (bio-banking). The spectrum of special studies (immunocytochemistry on direct slides or liquid-based cytology, immunohistochemistry on cell blocks and molecular methods) required for improving the precision of the cytological diagnosis of the thyroid nodules is also discussed.

Abstract

Thyroid nodules are common and are increasingly detected due to recent advances in imaging techniques. However, clinically relevant thyroid cancer is rare and the mortality from aggressive thyroid cancer remains constant. Fine needle aspiration cytology (FNAC) is a standard method for diagnosing thyroid malignancy and the discrimination of malignant nodules from goitre. As the examined nodules on thyroid FNAC are often small incidental findings, it is important to maintain a low rate of undetermined diagnoses requiring further clinical work up or surgery. The most important factors determining the accuracy of the cytological diagnosis and suitability for biobanking of thyroid FNACs are the quality of the sample and availability of adequate tissue for auxiliary studies. This article discusses technical aspects (preanalytics) of performing thyroid FNAC, including image guidance and rapid on-site evaluation, sample collection methods (conventional slides, liquid-based methods, cell blocks) and storage (bio-banking). The spectrum of special studies (immunocytochemistry on direct slides or liquid-based cytology, immunohistochemistry on cell blocks and molecular methods) required for improving the precision of the cytological diagnosis of the thyroid nodules is also discussed.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, further contribution
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Institute of Pathology and Molecular Pathology
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Uncontrolled Keywords:biobanking, fine needle aspiration cytology, preanalytical procedures, thyroid
Language:English
Date:1 January 2019
Deposited On:02 Aug 2018 15:33
Last Modified:17 Sep 2019 19:24
Publisher:Wiley-Blackwell Publishing, Inc.
ISSN:0956-5507
OA Status:Closed
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1111/cyt.12586
PubMed ID:29885011

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